Афродита у власти: Царствование Елизаветы Петровны
This article is devoted to the problem of relationship between the government and the academic staff of the Moscow University in Russia during the years from 1908 to 1911. The research is based on the diary of historian A.N.Savin. It is an attempt to reconstruct the attitude of the university staff to the government policy and to reveal the most complicated and painful questions in the university life. Among all - it is a problem of relationship and mutual understanding between the student and academic body, the intelligentsia question of moral authority. Those events in Russian academic life and the mass resignation of the professors from Moscow University seemed to be the first «purge» of the intellectuals in Russia in the XXth century.
The article is devoted to a previously unknown translator, Vassily Grinkov (the middle of the XVIII century). His translation, made from German in 1745, of Lodovico Guicciardini’s compilation, is not widely known, but the circumstances of its appearance and the reconstruction of the environment in which it appears are extremely important to understand the mechanisms of European culture reception in Russia.