The manual deals with the evolution and peculiarities of the earliest civilizations of the world. For students, university teachers, everyone interested in history.
Events and processes of the Russian history since the most ancient times before the beginning of the 21st century are briefly covered in a grant. The most important questions of social and economic and state and political development of the country, foreign and domestic policy and culture are considered. On controversial problems the alternative points of view are presented. Each subject is preceded by the plan according to which the material statement is constructed. Accurate structuring the text, conclusions, questions and tasks facilitate its assimilation, allow to prepare quickly and competently the answer to the examination card. The grant is addressed to seniors and entrants, can be used by preparation for final and entrance examinations, and also for studying of a course of national history for unhistorical specialties in higher education institutions.