Проблемы социально-гуманитарного образования на современном этапе модернизации российской школы: материалы V всероссийской научно-практической конференции г. Барнаул, 2 ноября 2011 г.
The article is devoted to the implementation of the legal positions of the constitutional Court of the Russian Federation concerning the activities of the internal Affairs bodies. Statistical indicators of the appeals of the constitutional Court of the Russian Federation received by the Ministry of internal Affairs of Russia in 2017 – the first half of 2018 are considered. The most important Decisions of the constitutional Court of the Russian Federation concerning activity of the Ministry of internal Affairs of Russia accepted for the specified period are analyzed. The author substantiates the proposal to improve the efficiency of legislative activity on the implementation of the decisions of the constitutional Court of the Russian Federation.
Derived from the renowned multi-volume International Encyclopaedia of Laws, this very useful analysis of constitutional law in Russia provides essential information on the country's sources of constitutional law, its form of government, and its administrative structure. Lawyers who handle transnational matters will appreciate the clarifications of particular terminology and its application. Throughout the book, the treatment emphasizes the specific points at which constitutional law affects the interpretation of legal rules and procedure.
Thorough coverage by a local expert fully describes the political system, the historical background, the role of treaties, legislation, jurisprudence, and administrative regulations. The discussion of the form and structure of government outlines its legal status, the jurisdiction and workings of the central state organs, the subdivisions of the state, its decentralized authorities, and concepts of citizenship. Special issues include the legal position of aliens, foreign relations, taxing and spending powers, emergency laws, the power of the military, and the constitutional relationship between church and state. Details are presented in such a way that readers who are unfamiliar with specific terms and concepts in varying contexts will fully grasp their meaning and significance.
Its succinct yet scholarly nature, as well as the practical quality of the information it provides, make this book a valuable time-saving tool for both practising and academic jurists. Lawyers representing parties with interests in Russia will welcome this guide, and academics and researchers will appreciate its value in the study of comparative constitutional law.
The article presents the analogy of the pre-revolutionary and modern interpretations of the role of ministries in the discussion of the draft law. The thesis about the fact, that the ministries were mandatory participant of the stage of discussing the draft law in the course of implementation of law-making activities of the legislative and law-consultative bodies in the Russian Empire.
This article is dedicated to overlook regulatory framework and realization of the constitution right of the legislative initiative in present Russia. The problems of understanding the right of the legislative initiative are being researched in the article and there is given an official position to this question, expressed in Art. 107 of the Regulations of the State Duma. It is noted, that in the Russian legislative process the given right is correlated with the legislative duty of the State Duma to consider this bill and the submitted documents with it and take an appropriate decision. On the basis of the analysis, it was concluded that the right of legislative initiative is implemented nonuniformly, because the state Duma enacts different laws on legal force. The question about from what moment the stage of the legislative initiative starts, at the same time, points of view are presented by both domestic and foreign authors. There is a conclusion made, that the real scope of authority subjects, that hold the right of legislative initiative in Russia is not the same, because it depends on the political and legal status of subjects of constitutional legal relations. The problem of the subject composition of persons who have the right of the legislative initiative, which is defined in Art. 104 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation is being discussed. The author comes to the conclusion, that there is an expansion in the subject composition of who have the right of legislative initiative in modern Russia, in which in addition to the General Prosecutor, the Ombudsman for Human and Citizen’s Rights, as well as the well-established large public organizations, should be added. It is noted, that the best form, in which the legal norms, that regulate the right of the legislative initiative will be fixed, is the Federal Law “On Regulatory Legal Acts in the Russian Federation”.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.