Юридические науки и современность
In the aspect of the Russian Federation preparation for the holding of the global sports competitions, not only practical questions become urgent, but also a theoretical analysis of the legal regulation of sports relations problems does. This article touches on the basic methodological approaches to the category «mechanism of legal regulation» in the context of relations arising in sports sphere.
The regulation of sport relations has sufficiently prolonged history; however, only from the middle of XX century state begins to take active part in this process. It is traditionally customary to assume that as the prevailing catalysts of this they served the need for providing safety with taking of sport measures, which sport association no longer could manage by its forces, and the entering into the sport of the large volume of the money investments, whose revolution needed control from the side of state. There are other points of view on this score.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.