Экономическая социология. 2-е изд.
Problems of translation and interpretation of sociological classics, especially concerning the work by Emile Durkheim “The Elementary Forms of Religious Life” (1912).
The main topic of this conversation – the sociological study of nation and nationalisms, proceeding from its classical authors. The first part of the interview discusses the links between nationalism and modernity as a specific social and historical formation. Then it centers on the universal mechanism of social imagination allowing individuals to relate themselves to other members of their own community. Hereinafter it discusses nationalism’s functions - political, cognitive, etc. The second framework topic is ‘Nationalism from sociological point of view’. The final part of conversation is devoted to “Imagined Communities”, the famous book written by Benedict Anderson.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.