Поддержание изменений в университетах. Преемственность кейс-стади и концепций
The polysemy of the translation into Russian of the term "learning" is commented on.
The question of Big Data technologies, not only in the financial sector, but in general, is a logical pattern of technical and scientific progress of the last decades. The change of paradigms has led to the fact that today’s managers and economists have to work not only with large volumes of information, but also with new types of data. Processing the new format files allows managers to make more accurate and effective financial decisions. It is necessary to say, why these decisions are important for business. They make it possible to achieve the goals that modern organizations set for themselves: increasing the value of the enterprise, increasing investment attractiveness, improving the quality of forecasting. This situation in a well-functioning world system has led to the emergence and development of new trends in education, in particular, in the field of education of financial professionals. Focusing on Russian achievements and Western researches of fundamental and applied disciplines, it should be noted that the modern financier is increasingly integrated into the Big Data technology environment. He needs knowledge of the construction of wording of requests to manage competently. For this, the skills of working with search programs, the use of search operators, work with search robots are important. At the theoretical level the future financier must study strategic, statistical, mathematical, systemic, stochastic, probabilistic and other types of analysis.
In the world there are not many countries with the secular nature of education. The Russian legislation establishes secular nature of education in state and municipal schools. Secular nature of education in Russia is visible in the regulation of school uniforms and teaching «The Fundamentals of Religious Cultures and Secular Ethics» at school. The article contains the analysis of the regional acts educational organization’s acts on school uniform and jurisprudence. Also the article contains the results of research on the second aspect of the secular nature of education in Russia – the subject «The Fundamentals of Religious Cultures and Secular Ethics» established by Federal State Educational Standards. The authors conclude that the general education in Russia is not completely secular in several aspects. Further development of jurisprudence, legislation or education system can change the situation: religious aspects could be included in school life or more strictly settle the secular nature of school education.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.