Руководство по наукометрии: индикаторы развития науки и технологии, второе издание
The second edition of Handbook on Scientometrics is designed to provide an overview of the fi eld of scientometrics.
The Handbook describes the history of creation of the breakthrough concept of citation indexing by Dr. Eugene Garfi eld, and development of the fi rst multidisciplinary scholarly citation index, the Science Citationь Index. Application of scientometric tools and methods in research management and resource allocation is discussed. Authors survey various scientometric indicators relevant to individual researchers, journals, research institutions and whole countries. Authors explore new types of indicators, such as altmetrics, relationship between scientometric indicators and the nature of scientifi c communication, and various methods of visualizing scientometric information. Possibilities and limitations of various scientometric techniques are examined. Authors highlight the need for an informed and reasonable approach to the use of quantitative indicators for research assessment. The Handbook includes Russian translations of two research reports by the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI).
The Handbook is intended for use by researchers, science analysts, universities and research institutions administrators, libraries and information centers staff, graduate students, and the general reader interested in scientometrics and research evaluation.
This chapter examines bibliometric indicators related to citedness of journals, authors, research groups, organizations and whole countries. The author discusses usage of various bibliometric indicators: the impact factor, average citedness, share of uncited papers, Eigenfactor and Article Influence Score, Hirsch and Hirsch-type indices, and others. A special section investigates indicators of chronological distribution of references. Particular attention is paid to normalized indicators, including indicators normalized by research disciplines and by publication sources, as well as to creation of normalized citation profiles. The introductory section deals with the basics of bibliometric analysis and features of citation databases. The final section emphasizes importance of informed and responsible use of bibliometric indicators in research policy-making, funding allocation, and faculty and research personnel recruitment.