История Рима от основания Города
In this paper we set ourselves the goal of examining the figure of the female protagonist of Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft’s historical tragedy Geeraerdt van Velsen (1613), Machtelt van Velsen, in its connection with the classical “archetypical rape victim” Lucretia, transformed by Livy into an exemplum of republican virtus, feminine gloria, conjugal modestia, and castitas.
The paper analyses two aspects of the legend of the pythagoreanism of King Numa Pompilius. The one aspect considers Numa as a disciple of Pythagoras of Samos, the other deals with the episode of the discovery of Numa's Books in 181 BC, and burnning them in accordance with the resolution of the Roman Senate. According to information received from Greek and Roman authors it is possible to fix the date of origin of this myth, to trace back the stages in its development and to point out different forms of its existence in the Republican Rome. The author stresses the decisive role of the pontiffs in making Numa the founder of Roman religious and legal institutions.