Business Issues is a new Businss English course which helps students get ahead fast with skills and business vocabulary, it also gives students grammar practice in business contexts.
Victor Hugo for C1.
The book is dedicated to members ofSonderkommando, who were auxiliary workers in the teems comprised almost completely from Jews whom Nazi compelled to assist in mass conveyor style murder of tens and hundreds thousand persons, both Jews and other nations, in gas chambers, cremation of corpses and utilization of ashes, golden dentures and women hair. Nazi could not even imagine that they will survive and outlast Shoah. Nevertheless about hundred ten persons from about two thousand have survived and some dozens either wrote about their experience or gave detailed interviews. However may of those who perished also left written evidences and part of them was found after the war in the ground and ashes near crematoria of Auschwitz-Birkenau. These scrolls are undoubtedly the core documents of Holocaust until recently completely unknown in Russia, have been for the first time compiled in this book. The book includes two parts. The first is written solely bу the author, it describes extermination camp and Sonderkommando members as unprecedented historical and ethical-psychological phenomenon. Further this part covers circumstances of their resistance culminating in revolt of October 7, 1944, as well as the progress and results of search for and findings of manuscripts after the war, translation to European languages and puЫication. The second part is given for the evidences and is an anthology compiled of their works, more accurately, of the parts that could Ье read and translated. It includes all nine texts of those five Sonnderkommando members, whose manuscripts were found: Zalman Gradowski, Leib Langfuss, Zalman Loewenthal, Chaim Herman and Marcel Najari. The tenth manuscript added to these nin is the manuscript of Avrom Levite, who had no relation to Sonderkommando in Birkenau, but his text, preface to literature almanac "Oyshvits", was written in several hundereds meters from gas chambers and the history of manuscript is equally complicated and impressive. Special section is devoted to each author including both all their texts and preceding essays Ьу Pavel Polian.
Scientific biography of Osip Mandelstam