Рейтинг инновационной привлекательности мировых городов: 2020. Центры притяжения талантов: как привлечь создателей экономики знаний со всего мира
HSE Global Cities Innovation Index (HSE GCII) presents a new approach to measuring the innovative
appeal of the world’s metropolises. It was developed by the Russian Cluster Observatory of the National
Research University Higher School of Economics Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics
The ranking is based on a comprehensive approach to assessing innovation that covers technological
development, creative industries, and urban environment. The study is based on a specially developed
system comprising 120 indicators calculated for 36 global centers with the use of recognized international
The report presents ranking scores and examines key factors of attracting the world’s most successful
knowledge economy individuals to cities. It also discloses the ranking algorithm and provides detailed
methodological comments. The publication includes city profi les with full information about their
rankings according to each indicator.
The publication will be of practical interest to a wide range of readers, including technology
entrepreneurs and researchers, representatives of creative industries, urban governance practitioners,
and professionals involved in the development of specifi c knowledge economy sectors.
In the space of topical stereotypes Saint-Petersburg obtains such naming as «cultural capital», «city of museums», «brilliant Imperial city». However, in the light of the changing economic, social, cultural reality the conservation of this kind of «brand» is a losing strategy. The article provides guidelines and historical-social analyses of such phenomena of modern cultural life of the city as creative clusters, various festivals of the international level. From the point of view of social inclusion such spaces and activities are to implement creative aspirations of citizens, that is valuable to the cultural life of the city: the economic component of this situation allows as to speak about various kinds of financial investments in the cultural sphere, as well as on the development of the tourism industry, different from the traditional «excursion» form. For the « creative industry» stipulates the status of the dominant and the determinant of innovation development of the urban space.
Main challenges and problems of functioning institutions of cultural heritage and the creative industries are described in the paper. Factors that promote and prevent following cooperation, as well as the main directions of cooperation, are defined on the basis of analysis of expert opinions obtained during the survey in 2012 in St. Petersburg.
This collection of articles contains reports and heads of reports to the Internetional Conference "Modern Models of Cultural Industries Development in Russian Regions", that was held in Saint-Petersburg on 9-10 October 2014 with the support of Russian Humanitarian Science Foundation.
The aim of this article is to study an influence of various cultural festivals in St. Petersburg on development of the creative industries in the city. The definition of prospects of the development of culture of «Russia’s Northern Capital» demands the analysis of an existing scientific and administrative discourse concerning interaction in a city on Neva the rich cultural heritage and new creative industries. The situation of St. Petersburg as а large European cultural center and one of the important cities of the Russian Federation allows to define prospects of its development as «creative city». It includes also the analysis of cultural, social and economic consequences of the development of festival movement.
The aim of the study is to examine the various forms of interaction between cultural heritage and creative industries to support the development of various types of cultural clusters in St. Petersburg. The study was based on a model, which provides several types of partnership cultural heritage (CH) could have with the creative industries (CI): CH as a “decoration” for the CI, as “content”, as a “brand”, as the creator of the needs. Authors’ classification of cultural clusters in St. Petersburg is described, including clusters of cultural heritage, ethnic cultural clusters, the mass-cultural (consumer-oriented) cultural clusters, art - incubators. One of the main findings is the low willingness of many public cultural institutions to have any form of interaction with the creative industries. The second group of findings concerned the ability to attract creative industries to provide services for residents of St. Petersburg in cooperation with public institutions of culture.
The aim of the study is to analyze the role of the new creative industries for the regional development of the cultural heritage. It is particularly concerned with the definition of the city space. The research focuses on the modern ways of not only conservation, but rather analysis, interpretation and consumption of various cultural products. This paper includes investigation of economic, political, social and cultural consequences of the interaction between different cultural establishments. The author of this article researches the creative industries with the examples of the creative clusters and the creative projects in comparison with traditional cultural institutions. In general this paper provides evidence for the positive cultural and social changes in the region by reason ot the development the creative industries in St. Petersburg
We comment on the article by Zagaria et al., which explicates the ““soft” nature of psychology: a minor consensus in its “core”” (Zagaria et al., p. 1), manifested by the discordant character of definitions of psychological “core-constructs”. Zagaria et al. build on the assumption that psychological science should reside in the status of a paradigm, meanwhile the real state of things they consider as pre-paradigmatic, imperfect and unhealthy, from which a transition to a paradigm is necessary.We cannot agree with this provision. We argue that not internal coherence and consistency, but the ability to reflect multifaceted reality, to answer its innovative manifestations in various dimensions and solve tasks that life poses to humanity with an adequate set of different tools not reducible to a single approach, is what makes the value of science. Psychology originally developed as poly paradigmatic science, because its subject has a most complex nature, holistic, yet incorporating many aspects different in their essence and, therefore, requiring different versions of the methodology. Considering epistemology of psychological science from the philosophical perspective implying special focus on the ontological issues, we argue that poly paradigmatic structure of psychology is a virtue, not weakness. Thanks to such a structure, modular, like a Swiss knife, our science may offer the most effective solutions for a variety of problems. Multiplicity of relative approaches is best fit for life and innovation, even though we have to sacrifice rigor and concordance of definitions in introductory textbooks.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.