Сборник Российского экономического конгресса-2020
Article describes the current SDGs implementation by the BRICS countries. A general analysis LDCs and BRICS mutual trade shows a low involvement of least developed countries in trade with BRICS. Further the focus of the methodology of the study lies in computations of two trade indices and identification of new clusters of LDCs. The export propensity index and trade intensity index calculated in order to identify the most promising countries to increase exports to the BRICS. Authors select 13 LDCs, which are prospective for trade development with BRICS, such as Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mozambique, Bangladesh, Guinea, Mauritania, Nepal, Tanzania, Zambia, Bhutan, Lesotho, Malawi and Solomon Islands. For other 34 LDCs authors identify five clusters based on their economy structure, including on the base of the role played in LDC’s economies by Official Development Assistance and Personal remittances. Clustering allows BRICS to provide targeted support to LDCs in order to increase their export potential through the most effective mechanisms for each economy.