The textbook covers all the issues of the academic discipline "
Law " included in the Federal state educational
standard of higher professional education of the third
generation. The General part presents
General theoretical legal knowledge about the state and law. A special part is devoted to
the legal material related to modern Russian
law, and is based on the latest normative legal acts of the
Russian Federation; the main focus is on those
legislative acts that form the legal basis of the future profession-
professional activity of Economics students.
For students of higher educational institutions studying
ЗАКОНОДАТЕЛЬСТВО - ЗАРУБЕЖНЫЕ СТРАНЫ -
МЕЖДУНАРОДНОЕ УГОЛОВНОЕ ПРАВО - РЕЦЕНЗИЯ -
СРАВНИТЕЛЬНОЕ ПРАВОВЕДЕНИЕ - ТУРЦИЯ - УГОЛОВНОЕ
The authors of this article analyze the conception of law originated by Leon Petrazycki and stress importance of this conception for the contemporary science of law. In author’s opinion, Petrazycki in the beginning of the 20th century formulated the key ideas which later on were introduced by other Western legal thinkers into the scientific discussions. These ideas became the main object of philosophical discussions about law in the 20th century.
The idea of ligalization of bribe giving for certain types of bribes was expressed by K. Basu in 2011 and got a name Basu proposal. In this paper we discuss effects that can be caused by the direct implementation of this proposal. Our game-theoretic model shows that while legalisation of certain bribe-giving occurances can lead to some positive consequences, it is not always a good idea to return bribe to the bribe-giver as suggested by Basu. The chance to get the paid bribe back increases the amount of bribes that end up in corrupt officials' pockets.
The article describes the main features of the harmonized legal status of the regional audit institutions in Russia aft er the adoption of the Federal law of February 7, 2011 N 6-FL “On the common principles of the organization and operation of the regional and municipal control and accounts bodies”. The article pays special attention to the problems, arising due to the implementation of the abovementioned law.
This book contains the papers of theoreticians of law who wrote their contributions to celebrate 80 years of Professor Chaba Varga (Hungary)
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.