Индикаторы цифровой экономики: 2020: статистический сборник
Purpose: The purpose of the article is to develop a strategy of provision of security of wireless future of digital economy. Methodology: The author determines, analyzes, and compares scenarios of wireless future of digital economy depending on completeness of provision of security, with the help of the methods of logical and problem analysis and imitation modeling. Results: As a result of modeling the wireless future of digital economy, the risks to security, causes of their emergence (factors that require management), and perspectives of risk management are determined. A strategy of provision of security of wireless future of digital economy is presented-it reflects the structure of risk management of this process through the prism of its subjects and performed functions, as well as the tools that include robototronics, cloud and blockchain technologies, and human monitoring of digital devices. Implementation of this strategy will allow reducing the risk component of functioning and development of digital economy, its quick growth and stimulation of social progress (increase of population's living standards)-i.e., implementation of the optimistic scenario. Recommendations: As a result, it is concluded that even in case of highly-effective risk management there preserves a rather high level of risk of provision of security of digital economy's wireless future. Thus, with digital modernization of modern socio-economic systems together with practical implementation of the offered strategy of provision of security of digital economy's wireless future, it is recommended to conduct measures for reducing the level of social tension and preventing the opposition to changes. © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019.
The article reveals the peculiarities of the use of artificial intelligence technologies in judicial and law enforcement practices in the Russian Federation, which are directly related to the strict legal regulation of substantive and procedural law. The authors associate the possibility of using artificial intelligence with the administrative activities of state bodies aimed at solving the strategic tasks of the state. The authors identify the positive and negative aspects of the use of artificial intelligence in the activities of law enforcement agencies.
The article is devoted to the consideration of a number of organizational and methodological issues of creating a digital platform for the transport complex, concerning the problems of analysis and accounting for risks that arise when integrating competencies for the formation of information and logistics services. The questions that the authors explore in this article are very relevant when creating digital services on the transport platform based on the integration of several technological products belonging to different owners. Detailing possible risks is necessary for their subsequent mitigation by the organizational and technological infrastructure of the digital platform.
The authors consider the relationships that arise between the fundamental elements of the digital platform: the basic product of the platform, digital services and their sales processes. We analyze various categories of the basic product - an intangible asset, without which a complex of digital services cannot be built within the digital platform. The study examines the dependence of an intangible asset on the assets of tangible and human carriers of this asset, as well as the risks that arise in this case.
The research is based on the methodology of conceptual analysis of designing complex socio-economic forms and organizational structures, which was successfully tested when creating the aerograd information and logistics center at Sheremetyevo international airport.
The use of the methodological approach outlined by the authors allows minimizing the risks that arise during the development of digital services by developing appropriate contractual forms and technologies that make up the digital platform repository, as well as selecting appropriate organizational and legal mechanisms for creating functional components of the transport platform. For effective practical integration of competencies, a recommendation is given for creating an innovative center of the digital platform in the organizational and legal form of a non-commercial partnership.
China took over the G20 2016 presidency from Turkey at a period of subdued economic activity and diminished global growth. Growth in China was expected to slow to 6.3 percent in 2016 and 6.0 percent in 2017, primarily reflecting weaker investment growth as the economy continued to rebalance. Acknowledging that lower growth rates became the “new normal” Chinese leadership set the annual target growth rate for China to be no less than 6.5 percent in its 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020). The Plan redefined China’s development paradigm from speed to quality based on innovation, coordination, green development, opening up and sharing. This vision constituted the foundation of China’s concept and priorities for the G20 presidency. The article reviews main outcomes of the Chinese G20 presidency focusing on major results which reflect China’s priorities for domestic development and international cooperation. Using qualitative and quantitative analysis of the G20 2016 documents and the documents of international organizations the author highlights the key decisions made at the Hangzhou summit and trends in G20 engagement with international institutions. The findings indicate that the Chinese Presidency priorities of development, innovation and trade received unprecedented attentions with development reaching almost 43% share in the discourse (compared to the average of 15% for the eleven summits), innovation rising tenfold to about 7% (compared to 0.75% for the eleven summits) and trade peaking to 7.3 (compared to the 2.8 average). At 2.2% the share of G20 discourse on environment was higher than the overall average (1.42%) and any other summit except Cannes and Los Cabos. While lower than for Brisbane and Antalya energy issues (about 4%) are comparable to the average for the period (3.4%). Economic issues share (at 25%) was close to the average for the period (27%). In line with the historical trend the share of finance issues in the G20 discourse continued to decline, reflecting the G20 role in the division of labor with regard to financial markets regulation. Intensity of G20 engagement with international organizations was higher than the average since the Washington summit. The choice of organizations was defined by the presidency priorities and established trends. Given the UN role in the Sustainable Development Goals, and China’s commitment to the UN as the central element of a fair and peaceful multilateral system, it came as no surprise that the intensity of references to the UN was twice as high as the average for G20 and significantly higher than in any other summit. A similar trend is observed for the WTO and UNCTAD. G20 reliance on the OECD expertise continued to rise. Intensity of G20 engagement with the IMF and the WB was slightly lower than in the previous presidencies. Last but not least, China consolidated G20 dialogue with engagement groups, most notably with B20 and L20.
Drawing on the qualitative and quantitative analysis results the author concludes that China’s G20 presidency contributed to the country’s development priorities, reflected China’s role in the evolving world order, and consolidated G20 status as the premier forum for economic cooperation and capability to make globalization work for all. The author asserts that China managed to ensure its imprint on G20 future cooperation, first, by integrating innovation, new industrial revolution and digital economy into its core agenda, generating 137 commitments on innovative growth and setting up relevant international mechanisms. Second, on trade and investment it facilitated development and adoption of two documents defining guiding principles for global investment policymaking, and promoting inclusive trade and global value chains. Third, under China’s stewardship G20 agreed three action plans on energy cooperation, including Enhancing Energy Access in Asia and the Pacific: Key Challenges and G20 Voluntary Collaboration Action Plan, G20 Voluntary Action Plan on Renewable Energy, and G20 Energy Efficiency Leading Programme (EELP) making further progress to address energy access, cleaner energy future, energy efficiency, global energy architecture, energy security, as well as market transparency. Fourth, China advanced further G20 cooperation on development based on the Action Plan on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Fifth, the Presidency committed to establish three China based G20 centers, thus creating opportunities to enhance its influence on the G20 process through evidence base, research and knowledge exchange on key policy areas. China struck a good balance in continuity and innovation of the G20 agenda, contributed to its legitimacy and effectiveness through productive engagement with key international organizations and dialogue with the engagement groups, and consolidated G20 capacity for direction setting, decision making and delivery.
Materials of scientific and practical conference are included in the collection of works «Digital economy and «the Industry 4.0»: problems and prospects», prepared by laboratory «Innovative industrial economy» of Peter the Great St. Petersburg polytechnical university together with a number of the scientific organizations, higher education institutions, the industry entities.
In the collection of scientific works materials according to the theory of development of digital economy in modern conditions of the global competition, practical realization of the concept «the Industry 4.0», to research of problems and prospects of development of innovative activity of economic systems and enterprise entities, use of tools and valuation methods of an industrial development of regions, industries, the entities are reflected.
In the collection works of scientists and specialists of a number of higher education institutions, Russian Academies of Sciences institutes, the organizations, organizations and the entities, representatives of bodies of the public, municipal administration and executive power of Russia and foreign countries are provided.
Materials of the collection will be useful to teachers, scientists, specialists of the industrial, scientific enterprises, the organizations and organizations, and also graduate students, undergraduates and students.
Purpose: The purpose of the article is to determine the perspectives of improving the system of emergency medical aid and services in the conditions of digital economy and to develop the algorithm of this system's work on the basis of the Internet of Things. Methodology: The methods of systematization, logical analysis, and block schemes are used. Results: As a result of studying the peculiarities of the applied universal algorithm of the work of the system of emergency medical aid and services, current problems and their causal connections are determined. It is substantiated that in the conditions of digital economy there's a possibility for full-scale technological modernization of the system of emergency medical aid and services, which allows improving it due to complex solving of all determined topical problems. An algorithm of the work of the system of emergency medical aid and services on the basis of the Internet of Things is developed. Recommendations: The offered algorithm is recommended for practical application, as it ensures the following advantages: Automatic call for emergency medical aid if necessary, substantial reduction of the period of patient's waiting for a transport vehicle for providing emergency medical aid and services, reduction and automatization of organizational procedures that accompany the process of provision of emergency medical aid and services, overcoming the deficit or absence of necessary medication for providing highly-effective emergency medical aid and services, and increase of competence of medical staff that provide emergency medical aid and services due to systemic collection of feedback from patients. These advantages allow guaranteeing timely provision of emergency medical aid and services and insurance payments for compensating the expenditures of medical organizations, thus increasing the effectiveness of work of the system of emergency medical aid and services. © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019.
This report evaluates current transboundary shipment legislation and its influence on the movement of used electrical and electronic equipment (UEEE) destined for reuse and/or refurbishment, specifically addressing the electronic refurbishment industry’s point of view. The report is particularly concerned with the increased costs, and resultant reduction, of reusing UEEE that occurs as a result of such legislation. The report examines (i) current international legislation regarding transboundary shipment of e-waste; (ii) case study experiences from stakeholders in the electronics industry collected from survey and interviews; and (iii) various models and practices adopted by reuse organizations to handle the proliferation of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE). The report identifies three priority areas obstructing reuse organizations’ movement of UEEE across the globe: (i) discrepancies in legislation and enforcement between developed and developing countries; (ii) legislative limitations; and (iii) the valuation of UEEE. Based on these evaluations, the report proposes five key recommendations to resolve such issues: 1. The identification of specific policy amendments for the current transboundary shipment legislation; 2. The establishment of national e-waste and reuse policies within developed and developing nations; 3. The development of a comprehensive database to harmonise legislation between developed and developing countries; 4. The expansion of recycling and dismantling facilities in developed and developing nations using the informal recycling sector as a valuable element; and 5. The introduction of a regulated green, international e-waste transboundary channel. For the sake of expediency, these recommendations may be considered on either a regional or sub-regional level.
The report engages with one of the most crucial questions of our time, the public governance of the digital economy, in particular focusing on the new forms of competitive interaction in the era of digital capitalism. New questions emerge out of the transition from the old to the new economy, which require ‘outside of the box thinking’ in order to inform policymakers and help to broaden the current narratives. Competition authorities have recently engaged in significant preparatory work, often in partnership with academics, in order to reflect on the challenges set by the digital economy to modern competition law enforcement. There have been a number of insightful reports already published the last few months and more work in the making. None of these reports has nevertheless so far engaged with the rapidly developing digital economy of emerging and developing jurisdictions, and in particular the BRICS, which represent a third of the world economy and a significant part of the global digital economy.