Транспортное образование в условиях технологической трансформации отрасли
There is being carried out in the country a reform of the sector of public and municipal institutions which involves the transition to three main types of institutions: state-owned (public), independent (autonomous) and budget-funded. This reform is realized in accordance with the Federal law N o 83-FZ “On amendments to certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation in view of improvement of the legal status of public (municipal) institutions”. The article considers the main provisions of the reform and the peculiarities of its implementation in the professional education institutions.
The Proceeding of the 24th International Research to Practice conference "Innovations in professional and professional teachers' training" are addressed to scholars, post-graduate and master's degree students and teachers.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.