Digital Transformation and New Challenges
This book gathers the best papers presented at the first conference held by the Russian chapter of the Association for Information Systems (AIS). It shares the latest insights into various aspects of the digitalization of the economy and the consequences of transformation in public administration, business and public life. Integrating a broad range of analytical perspectives, including economic, social and, technological, this interdisciplinary book is particularly relevant for scientists, digital technology users, companies and public institutions.
By analyzing the logs of corporate e-mail networks we found a number of patterns, showing how the size of ego-networks of individual employees changes on a day by day basis. We proposed a simple model that adequately describes the observed time dependence of an employee's "social circle". Comparison of experimental data with the theoretical model showed that employees are divided into two groups - with fast and slow changes in their social circles, respectively. We believe that the presence of these groups reflects both project-type and process-type of employees' activities. Comparison of data obtained before and during the global economic crisis has shown that the crisis led to an actual reduction in project-type activities.
THE ROLE OF THE SUBJECTIVITY IN BUSINESS PROCESSES
The article is devoted to the research of the subjectivity, the subjective structure and the reflectiveness in the business-process management of the company. This research was made with the financial support of the government of the Russian Federation (Ministry of education and science of Russia) in frames of the contract №13.G25.31.0096 about “The creation of high technological production of cross-platform systems for processing the non-structured information on the base of freeware for increasing the efficiency of company innovation activity management in modern Russia”
The article analyzes the methods and provides a solution to the problem of detecting logical contradictions in business process models of the health care company. Practical purpose of solving the problem is to increase the efficiency of data management for municipal agencies as stakeholder of company. The methodology is based on formal tools relational logic formalism and the methodology involved is describing business processes by DEMO paradigm. Essentially used the simulator MIT Alloy Analyzer. Analyzed business processes specific organization, provides guidance on the elimination of contradictions.
Existing limitations and problems in the current life-cycle of software applications is expected to encourage new development paradigms. New technological trends, aimed at responding to current needs, such as flexibility, dynamics, scalability and creativity will drive the envisaged changes. This article describes the various types of business processes, ranging from structured workflows to semi-structured flexible business processes, and methods to model each type of business process. Development of business process models based on the knowledge economy, changing corporate strategy and organization design, and agile enterprise paradigm requires BPMS technology to support weakly structured business activities and emerging ad-hoc tasks. Increasingly, organizations are expanding the use of BPM beyond their initial focus on structured processes into more challenging, cross-boundary processes that include more unstructured components. Case management technology allows the modeling of cases in which a business goal is achieved by taking decisions in the context of documents and other content objects. Case management is considered dynamic because it focuses on unstructured and ad- hoc processes. It is likewise a continuing process that involves people, information, processes, and technical tools. Furthermore, it is adaptive and adaptable because it can be used by non-technical users and is versatile in its applications in different situations. With the use of case management, circuitous business processes, fragmented communication, repetitive operations, missing documents, and long approval times can be permanently abolished.
Procedia Technology is an open access product focusing entirely on publishing conference proceedings, enabling fast dissemination so that conference delegates can publish their papers in a dedicated online issue on Sciverse ScienceDirect.
Procedia Technology will publish papers from conferences with an emphasis in technology or applied engineering disciplines, for example electronics and information technology. Conferences should be relevant to an international audience, with a focused theme and cover timely topics.
Inconsistency of business processes can affect company profits and lead to the loss of regular customers and reputation in the market. Well managed business process has one key distinctive feature – a consistency. Checking the consistency of business process helps to reveal hidden bugs in the process model, but requires considerable labor costs and analytics. We compared two approaches to verifying consistency. The first approach is based on generating object life cycles for each object type used in process and supported by special tool as an extension for IBM WebSphere Business Modeler. Another one is a proposition to use DEMO methodology for verifying consistency. The results of research show that DEMO methodology enables significantly reduce labor costs and improve quality of analyze
Highly competitive environment and constrained resources raise requirements as pertains to selection of projects for the portfolio of diversified IT-companies. Nowadays, vital task is to develope a business process that will guarantee efficient selection of optimal projects for the company's portfolio in terms of its stretegic goals. The paper presents an original business process for selecting projects to the portfolio of a diversified IT-company that best meet its strategic goals in the context of constrained resources. In addition, the paper classifies projects implemented by IT-companies and suggests evaluation criteria for various project groups.
This book consists of selected papers presented in the framework of the 16th International Conference on Perspectives in Business Informatics Research (BIR 2018), held in Stockholm, Sweden, September 24-26, 2018. The BIR conference series was established 16 years ago as the initiative of some German and Swedish universities with the aim of supporting the global forum for researchers in business informatics for their collaboration and exchange of results.
The manual is intended for students of Department of computer engineering MIEM HSE. In the textbook based on the courses "Economics of firm" and "the development strategy of the organization." Discusses the key conceptual and methodological issues of the theory and practice of Economics and development planning of the organization. The use of textbooks will enable students: to analyze key performance indicators, and use the tools of strategic analysis with reference to concrete situations in contemporary Russian and international business. Special attention is paid to the methods and systems of information support of the life support functions of business organizations and management methodology of innovation and investment. An Appendix contains source data for analysis of competition in a particular industry.
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.
Over the last two decades national policy makers drew special attention to the implementation of policy tools which foster international cooperation in the fields of science, technology, and innovation. In this paper, we look at cases of Russian-German collaboration to examine the initiatives of the Russian government aimed at stimulating the innovation activity of domestic corporations and small and medium enterprises. The data derived from the interviews with companies’ leaders show positive effects of bilateral innovative projects on the overall business performance alongside with major barriers hindering international cooperation. To overcome these barriers we provide specific suggestions relevant to the recently developed Russian Innovation Strategy 2020.