The appearance and institutionalization of the research on interrelations of imagination and space is regarded as the result of ‘cultural turn’ in geography and ‘spatial turn’ in the humanities. ‘Cultural turn’ is understood in the article as a multilayered historic process, including the revolutionary changes in the theory of geography in 1950-1980s (‘behavioral revolution’, ‘humanistic revolution’) and the establishment of both humanistic and critical geographies. The concept of ‘thirdspace’ is seen as the sign of final mix and collaboration of the two large research fields, becoming some new one.
This analysis of the relationship between the artist (genius) and places of importance in his literary career begins from the premise that a specific place may serve to trigger a creative concept and subsequently the creation of a work of art. It examines the issues of symbolic topography and geographical images of place as exemplified in Innokenty Annensky’s poetry on the basis of two poems written in Vologda but linked to the locus of Tsarskoe Selo and introduces the concept of metageography to interpret the interplay of genius and place. Inner spaces may evolve as the intersection and interplay of completely different places in a genius’s mind, giving rise to a specific literary work. In this way, Annensky’s poetry transformed the visual and aural features of the Vologda landscape into the classical geocultural images of Tsarskoe Selo. The connection between various places in writing poetry is mediated and latent and demands multiple interpretations. The simultaneity at work in the creative process is a significant element in an artist’s metageography.
The collective monograph contains papers and historiographical research, the unifying leitmotif of which is the exploration and preservation of natural and cultural heritage, held in the Russian Research Institute for Cultural and Natural Hheritage named after D. S. Likhachev in 1992-2013 under the leadership of its first Director, Yu. Vedenin, in cooperation with other organizations and researchers who have dedicated themselves to the protection of natural and cultural heritage of Russia. The monograph presents the results of research in the main areas of work of the Institute in 1992-2013, methodological approaches to the solution of problems of protection of heritage and a discussion of its role in the general cultural context, a number of original studies on cultural landscapes, recreational geography. The examples of the application of the designated scientific approaches in the activities of museums-reserves and national parks.
The history of the development of cultural (initially socio-cultural) geography in the USSR is the main topic of the article. It has appeared in 1930-1940s without any regard to both the Russian school of anthropogeography and the emerging C. Sauer tradition in cultural landscape studies. The attempts to establish cultural geography within Soviet geography in 1940-1980s are described. The main reasons of establishment, conceptual framework and unique features of ‘humanitarian geography’, newly established in Post-Soviet Russia, are revealed. The comparison of this original Russian school and the leading Western concepts like geosophy, geographical epistemology, new cultural geography, humanistic geography is executed.