Digital Economy: 2020: Pocket Data Book
In accordance with the adopted policy document, the digital economy is represented by three interacting levels that affect the lives of citizens and society as a whole: markets and sectors of the economy, where the interaction of specific actors, suppliers and consumers of goods, works and services; platforms and technologies, where competencies for the development of markets and industries are formed; the environment that creates conditions for the development of platforms and technologies, covering regulatory regulation, information infrastructure, personnel and information security. Guided by these postulates, the Ministry of transport of the Russian Federation a started the implementation of the innovative project " Digital platform of the transport complex»
The article is devoted to the study of distributed registry technology. The main directions and trends of the distributed register technology application in the financial sphere are investigated. The possibilities of its use in the foreign exchange market, in the securities market, in banking and lending, in insurance, taxation and accounting are analyzed and shown.
Purpose: The purpose of the article is to develop a strategy of provision of security of wireless future of digital economy. Methodology: The author determines, analyzes, and compares scenarios of wireless future of digital economy depending on completeness of provision of security, with the help of the methods of logical and problem analysis and imitation modeling. Results: As a result of modeling the wireless future of digital economy, the risks to security, causes of their emergence (factors that require management), and perspectives of risk management are determined. A strategy of provision of security of wireless future of digital economy is presented-it reflects the structure of risk management of this process through the prism of its subjects and performed functions, as well as the tools that include robototronics, cloud and blockchain technologies, and human monitoring of digital devices. Implementation of this strategy will allow reducing the risk component of functioning and development of digital economy, its quick growth and stimulation of social progress (increase of population's living standards)-i.e., implementation of the optimistic scenario. Recommendations: As a result, it is concluded that even in case of highly-effective risk management there preserves a rather high level of risk of provision of security of digital economy's wireless future. Thus, with digital modernization of modern socio-economic systems together with practical implementation of the offered strategy of provision of security of digital economy's wireless future, it is recommended to conduct measures for reducing the level of social tension and preventing the opposition to changes. © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019.
Materials of scientific and practical conference are included in the collection of works «Digital economy and «the Industry 4.0»: problems and prospects», prepared by laboratory «Innovative industrial economy» of Peter the Great St. Petersburg polytechnical university together with a number of the scientific organizations, higher education institutions, the industry entities.
In the collection of scientific works materials according to the theory of development of digital economy in modern conditions of the global competition, practical realization of the concept «the Industry 4.0», to research of problems and prospects of development of innovative activity of economic systems and enterprise entities, use of tools and valuation methods of an industrial development of regions, industries, the entities are reflected.
In the collection works of scientists and specialists of a number of higher education institutions, Russian Academies of Sciences institutes, the organizations, organizations and the entities, representatives of bodies of the public, municipal administration and executive power of Russia and foreign countries are provided.
Materials of the collection will be useful to teachers, scientists, specialists of the industrial, scientific enterprises, the organizations and organizations, and also graduate students, undergraduates and students.
The article reveals the peculiarities of the use of artificial intelligence technologies in judicial and law enforcement practices in the Russian Federation, which are directly related to the strict legal regulation of substantive and procedural law. The authors associate the possibility of using artificial intelligence with the administrative activities of state bodies aimed at solving the strategic tasks of the state. The authors identify the positive and negative aspects of the use of artificial intelligence in the activities of law enforcement agencies.
This article is devoted to the questions to the notions “digital economy,” “digital asset”, “Big Data.” It provides the reader on the view’s resident in economic and legal doctrines as to the notions of “digital asset” and “Big Data.”
The purpose of this article is to investigate the legal nature and legal regime of the digital assets, big data.
It should be stressed that “Big Data” is a property complex including a group objects with different legal nature, which has a common aim. The aim of this property complex is combined (connected) this group objects (elements of the complex) into one object of civil law. This object of civil law has features tradability and it involves specific methods, forms and means to protect the rights of its owner.
The following conclusions are drawn that Big Data consist in 1) information, which conclude “raw data” and the results of processing of “raw data” (which may be including materialized form), 2) property rights (for example, intellectual rights of the electronic computers programs, database). Moreover, it is stressed that the feature of this property complex is the value (for individuals or society) not only itself, but also the elements of such a complex
Purpose: The purpose of the article is to determine the perspectives of improving the system of emergency medical aid and services in the conditions of digital economy and to develop the algorithm of this system's work on the basis of the Internet of Things. Methodology: The methods of systematization, logical analysis, and block schemes are used. Results: As a result of studying the peculiarities of the applied universal algorithm of the work of the system of emergency medical aid and services, current problems and their causal connections are determined. It is substantiated that in the conditions of digital economy there's a possibility for full-scale technological modernization of the system of emergency medical aid and services, which allows improving it due to complex solving of all determined topical problems. An algorithm of the work of the system of emergency medical aid and services on the basis of the Internet of Things is developed. Recommendations: The offered algorithm is recommended for practical application, as it ensures the following advantages: Automatic call for emergency medical aid if necessary, substantial reduction of the period of patient's waiting for a transport vehicle for providing emergency medical aid and services, reduction and automatization of organizational procedures that accompany the process of provision of emergency medical aid and services, overcoming the deficit or absence of necessary medication for providing highly-effective emergency medical aid and services, and increase of competence of medical staff that provide emergency medical aid and services due to systemic collection of feedback from patients. These advantages allow guaranteeing timely provision of emergency medical aid and services and insurance payments for compensating the expenditures of medical organizations, thus increasing the effectiveness of work of the system of emergency medical aid and services. © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019.
This report evaluates current transboundary shipment legislation and its influence on the movement of used electrical and electronic equipment (UEEE) destined for reuse and/or refurbishment, specifically addressing the electronic refurbishment industry’s point of view. The report is particularly concerned with the increased costs, and resultant reduction, of reusing UEEE that occurs as a result of such legislation. The report examines (i) current international legislation regarding transboundary shipment of e-waste; (ii) case study experiences from stakeholders in the electronics industry collected from survey and interviews; and (iii) various models and practices adopted by reuse organizations to handle the proliferation of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE). The report identifies three priority areas obstructing reuse organizations’ movement of UEEE across the globe: (i) discrepancies in legislation and enforcement between developed and developing countries; (ii) legislative limitations; and (iii) the valuation of UEEE. Based on these evaluations, the report proposes five key recommendations to resolve such issues: 1. The identification of specific policy amendments for the current transboundary shipment legislation; 2. The establishment of national e-waste and reuse policies within developed and developing nations; 3. The development of a comprehensive database to harmonise legislation between developed and developing countries; 4. The expansion of recycling and dismantling facilities in developed and developing nations using the informal recycling sector as a valuable element; and 5. The introduction of a regulated green, international e-waste transboundary channel. For the sake of expediency, these recommendations may be considered on either a regional or sub-regional level.
The report engages with one of the most crucial questions of our time, the public governance of the digital economy, in particular focusing on the new forms of competitive interaction in the era of digital capitalism. New questions emerge out of the transition from the old to the new economy, which require ‘outside of the box thinking’ in order to inform policymakers and help to broaden the current narratives. Competition authorities have recently engaged in significant preparatory work, often in partnership with academics, in order to reflect on the challenges set by the digital economy to modern competition law enforcement. There have been a number of insightful reports already published the last few months and more work in the making. None of these reports has nevertheless so far engaged with the rapidly developing digital economy of emerging and developing jurisdictions, and in particular the BRICS, which represent a third of the world economy and a significant part of the global digital economy.