Мир человека: нормативное измерение – 6. Нормы мышления, восприятия, поведения: сходство, различие, взаимосвязь : сборник трудов международной научной конференции
The collection includes articles devoted to actual problems of humanitarian knowledge: unity and variety of norms in culture, specifics of normativity in the spheres of thinking, perception, practice. The issue is addressed to scholars, postgraduates and students of humanitarian specialities.
In his “Essay on Absurd” Albert Camus writes that the only important philosophical question is whether life is worth living. There is a well-known alternative behind this question: either our life has a fundamental meaning, or life is basically absurd. In other terms, God either exists or does not exist. Since the time of Socrates, philosophical thought has constantly developed this alternative in many different variations: classical philosophy preferred the religious (let's call it so) picture of the world, the non-classical tradition tended toward a secular understanding of reality. In modern philosophy, such issues are discussed in an analytical way, the appeal to the classical formulation of the question now has, rather, historical and philosophical significance. The general mood of our era, bearing in mind both Western culture and Russia, most likely, should be called secular; the only area of research relevant to the “important issue” - analytical theology - is a rather closed research system that does not have a decisive influence on the spiritual atmosphere of modern society. In this connection, it may be useful to clarify some issues related to the alternative mentioned. To do this, let us turn to the studies of Wittgenstein, whose ideas, in my opinion, put serious restrictions on philosophical and earthbound atheism.