VIII Moscow International Conference on Operations Research (ORM 2016): Moscow, October 17-22, 2016: PROCEEDINGS: Vol.1.
This work focuses on the development of system dynamic credit risk model of the company “Bashneft”, which is a major representative of oil refining and oil producing industries.
The author intends to explore possibility of using system dynamics to build models describing production process and financial condition for a company which deals with petroleum refining industry sector. Special attention is paid to how the behavior of such macroeconomic factors as oil prices and oil products prices (on global and Russian markets), US dollar rate, MosPrime rate (this is the National Foreign Exchange Association (NFEA) fixing of reference rate based on the offer rates of Russian Ruble deposits as quoted by Contributor Banks) and tax system (mineral extraction tax, export duties, petroleum products domestic excise tax) influence on the company.
This article describes optimization of a multimodal passenger traffic system. The optimization method used is simulation modeling. The service level indicators, costs and financial indicators when changing configurations of the system are analyzed.
Published articles cover the following research areas: principles of automation and control systems in a variety of industries in science and technology; Methods and apparatus representation and transformation of information; digital signal and image processing; physical effects and their use in converters of physical quantities; Theory and practice of construction of the transducers and sensors; mathematical methods and models in the automation and control systems; teaching methods of the corresponding technical disciplines.
The importance of strategic management today is unquestionable. However, when strategizing the organization is often regarded as a single whole, differences in aims and areas of operation of its parts not being considered. This approach works for many organizations, but in the case of a distributed structure its parts may function in the markets which have different requirements, competition intensity and qualification of consumers. Besides, the departments of that organization may have different levels of development. In our present work we do not consider the whole range of distributed organizations, but concentrate on universities, as they have common characteristics with commercial organizations and, at the same time, are very specific in their rules and areas of development. We focus on developing a new modeling method for decision support while designing a balanced hierarchical strategy for distributed universities. This implies beginning from the strategy for the whole organization and moving on to development of individual strategies for its departments. Thus, the proposed method contains two parts: a sub-method to develop departmental strategies and a sub-method to calculate interaction among departments.
This article describes the proposed structure and semantics of the model which can be used in the both of sub-methods.
The purpose of developing a cognitive model has been defined as the construction and analysis of simulation models improve interaction between government and business. In line with this objective has been hypothesized that an increase in the efficiency of interaction between business and government increased the values of competition in politics and economics, which in turn are directly related to each other. The latter is not in doubt, since the state of competition in the economy is inextricably linked to the legislative machinery of antitrust restrictions, by which representative bodies suppress or support unfair competition.
Authors provide the substantiation of logistic profitability indicator introduction for problem-solving concern the evaluation of logistic system performance, incl. inventory management system.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.