Практикум по физиологии и биохимии грибов
Higher education is valued as a source of skills and knowledge, and also as means to signal а talent of degree holders. The second of these benefits, unlike the first one, could survive a decline of academic standards. A model of post-secondary education is considered where there are two categories of universities - mass and elite, and their separation is maintained by collective reputation. The model produces an equilibrium in which the university system can still be used for signaling but makes no contribution to the human capital accumulation. The model describes the outcomes of the recent transformation of the Russian university system which was driven primarily by the profit-seeking motives and witnessed precipitous drop of the quality of post-secondary education in both mass and elite segments. That model can also be used to assess policy reforms intended to make higher education more accessible and strengthen incentives for quality.
The article is devoted to a problem of the organization of educational dialogue in the higher school. Author's definition of educational dialogue is given. The pedagogical model including stages of the organization of educational dialogue, principles and conditions of its organization and expected results are presented. The given model is directed on professional-personal formation of the future expert and increase of learning efficiency.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.