Российские СМИ: как создается образ врага. Статьи разных лет. Изд. 2-е дополненное
In March 2011 scholars met in Prague at the conference Interculturalism, Meaning and Identity. This event revitalised this important theme related to Diversity and Recognition. The terms 'interculturalism' and 'integration' are experiencing a renaissance. As the extent of human movement between nations increases attempts are made to balance cultural difference and social cohesion. In some contexts immigration and settlement policies are becoming more draconian in response. Because of this, interculturalism can take on many meanings. However, pivotal to the way interculturalism is understood is identification. As the relationship between nation, ethnicity and language becomes more complex so too do the ways in which people represent them selves. The cultural resources drawn on and the processes used to form identities are examined in this truly international collection. So too are the implications of these developments for how we theorise culture, meaning and identity.
The article examines special politically-legal and social status of Muslim community in the USA. Not only positive experience of ethnopolitical integration is described, but also a number of problems connected to this situation.
Exposure to violence has been shown to negatively affect mental health and well-being. The goal of this Facebook-based study was to describe the rates of exposure to violence in a sample of Russian adults and to assess the impact of these experiences on subjective well-being and victimization-related psychological distress. Three types of victimization were assessed: physical assault by a stranger, physical assault by someone known to victim, and nonconsensual sexual experiences. The 5-item World Health Organization Well-Being Index (WHO-5) was used to assess subjective well-being, and Primary Care PTSD Screen (PC-PTSD) was employed as an indicator of victimization-related psychological distress. Data were obtained from 6,724 Russian-speaking Facebook users. Significant levels of lifetime victimization were reported by the study participants. Lifetime physical assault by a stranger, physical assault by someone known to victim, and sexual assault were reported by 56.9%, 64.2%, and 54.1% of respondents, respectively. Respondents exposed to violence were more likely to report posttraumatic stress symptoms and lower levels of subjective well-being. Participants who were exposed to at least one type of violence were more likely to experience symptoms of traumatic stress (U = 1,794,250.50, p < .001, d = 0.35). Exposure to multiple forms of violence was associated with more severe traumatic stress symptoms (rs = .257, p < .001). Well-being scores were significantly lower among participants exposed to violence (t = 8.37, p < .001, d = 0.31). The study demonstrated that violence exposure is associated with reduced well-being among Russian adults. Our findings highlight the negative impact of violence exposure on subjective well-being and underscore the necessity to develop programs addressing violence exposure in Russian populations.
The article discusses the features of mobile communication in the student environment in the context of socio-cultural transformations generated by technological progress. In the first part of the article the authors briefly describe the history of mobile communication. Trends in sociohumanitarian research in the 20th-21st centuries with the emergence and widespread use of new electronic means of communication-radio, television, Internet, mobile communication-are also briefly considered. In all cases, four stages of socio-cultural adaptation of information and communication innovations in relationship with young people are mentioned: 1) attempts to understand new media as a means of learning; 2) detection and study of problem areas created by new media in relations with the young generation; 3) development of “counteractions” against arising negative phenomenon at the level of the introduction of legal norms and attempts to organize ethical self-regulation of new branches in the media industry; 4) introduction of aspects of “new literacy” as elements of education in terms of information literacy, media literacy, digital literacy, mobile literacy, etc. The second part of the article presents some data of sociological studies, which clarify the features of the use of mobile communication by Russian students, in particular, using a smartphone. Data from three surveys conducted in 2018 are analyzed the study of the company “Mediascope”, as well as surveys of students from two Moscow universities-GITR and HSE. Surveys have shown that the use of mobile communication among Russian students is close to 100%, and the scale of use of smartphones is much higher than simple mobile phones: according to “Mediascope”, 91.3% of students have smartphones and only 6.9% use mobile phones without access to the Internet. Among the respondents of GITR and HSE, 100% of the students had smartphones. The use of mobile communication by Russian students is characterized by wide functionality the total number of identified functions amounted to more than 20, most of which are related to the Internet. The intensity of inclusion in information and communication processes varies significantly between students who have a smartphone and those who do not. Students who own smartphones are much more active in using the Internet. According to “Mediascope”, the percentage of those who used the Internet, in all the marked functional positions, was higher than among those who used simple mobile phones. The biggest difference is in visiting social media (73.8% vs. 40.6%), listening to and downloading music (48.6% vs. 19.3%), viewing and uploading photos (48.5% vs. 20.1%), watching and downloading videos (42.5% vs. 23.7%), and playing games (24.0% vs. 9.1%). It is concluded that the use of mobile Internet contributes to the further strengthening of the audiovisual component of mass culture.
This paper is the first to highlight the special status of media workers who become
election candidates exercising their right to be elected. The aim of the study is
to examine the legal status of creative media workers as candidates in the electoral
process, for which reason the author turns to the RF electoral legislation, analyzes
the existing court practice and the practice of Territorial Electoral Commissions. In
doing this, the author uses general scientific methods of functional and systems
analysis as well as specific scientific methods of analyzing legal information and interviewing.
Systems Thinking in Museums explores systems thinking and the practical implication of it using real-life museum examples to illuminate various entry points and stages of implementation and their challenges and opportunities. Its premise is that museums can be better off when they operate as open, dynamic, and learning systems as a whole as opposed to closed, stagnant, and status quo systems that are compartmentalized and hierarchical. This book also suggests ways to incorporate systems thinking based on reflective questions and steps with hopes to encourage museum professionals to employ systems thinking in their own museum. Few books explore theory in practice in meaningful and applicable ways; this book offers to unravel complex theories as applied in everyday practice through examples from national and international museums.