Грамматический профиль. Grammar Profile
The coursebook is aimed at systematization and generalization of students ' knowledge in the field of English grammar. It consists of 14 chapters, including theoretical information on the main grammatical topics and training exercises.
This coursebook designed for 1-2 year students of the academic bachelor level of English language proficiency at level A1–B1 (Elementary – Intermediate), students in areas of training 01.03.01 Mathematics, 01.03.02 "Applied mathematics and Informatics", 09.03.04 Software engineering, 38.03.01 "Economics", 38.03.02 "Management of business", 38.03.05 "Business-Informatics", 40.03.01 "Jurisprudence", 45.03.01 "Philology", 45.03.03 "Fundamental and applied linguistics", the level of higher education – bachelor's degree (qualification: academic/applied BA).
One of the topics in current psycholinguistics research is studying the factors affecting syntactic choice in sentence production. Previous research suggests that syntactic choice results from an interplay between linguistic and non-linguistic factors, and a speaker’s attention to the elements of a described event represents one such factor. It is a well-established fact that our attention receives inputs from various attentional modalities (e.g auditory, motor, olfactory etc.) simultaneously. Afterwards, attention filters the input by a number of factors (e.g. saliency) and allocates resources to the most prominent and important input at the given moment. This poses a question of whether other attentional modalities affect syntactic choice in a similar manner to visual modality. In this study we aimed to understand whether auditory and visual attention can affect syntactic choice. English native speakers described drawings of simple transitive events while their attention was directed to the location of the agent or the patient of the depicted event by means of either an auditory (monaural beep) or a visual (red circle) explicit lateral cue. We have measured the amount of passive structures produced. Our results were not significant, however there was a visible trend in visual cueing condition. In this paper we discuss possible reasons for such outcomes.
The authors escribe a method of presenting and studying English grammar using information technology. Sequential memorizing of large blocks of text describing the rules of tense formation is replaced by a one-time remembering simple image - visualization processes. A simple language of symbols facilitate and accelerate the memorization of the rules of English grammar. Tabulated systematic grammar of the English language, where each verb tense gets a finished graphic image, becomes easy to understand and memorize for both a human being and a computer.
Graphic and Functional Algorithms of Sequence of Tenses in English Grammar for the Effective Education and Automated Systems of Text Synthesis and Editing are described.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.