Ежегодник Япония. 2018
The present edition of the “Yearbook Japan” presents articles by Russian and foreign researchers traditionally covering a wide range of issues on Japan and Russo-Japanese relations – foreign policy and domestic politics, economy and society, history and culture of Japan. The special topic of this issue is “Reforms and transfomation in the contemporary history of Japan and Russia (on the 150th anniversary of the Meiji Restoration and 100th anniversary of the Russian revolution”). The edition is intended for specialists in regional Japanese studies as well as for the general public.
The reforms of the Meiji period should be recognized as extremely successful. Their program was promulgated at the very beginning of the Meiji reign and was recorded in the “Five charter oath” (1868). Meiji promised Shinto gods to make decisions based on “public gatherings” – and a parliament was created in the country (1889). Meiji promised that the ruling and the ruled should become closer to each other – and the medieval gap between the authorities and the subjects really narrowed, and the Japanese nation was formed from scattered territorial, class, confessional and professional groups. The third point about the development of personal initiative was also implemented. First of all, it refers to entrepreneurship in all its manifestations. It is precisely because of this that Japan has managed to accelerate industrialization. The fourth paragraph was about reforming the “bad habits of the past” and introducing governance in accordance with the principles of Heaven and Earth, which is usually understood as fair governance in accordance with the laws. The estate right was abolished, the law became one for all. The fifth paragraph talked about Japan’s greater openness to the world and about the development of education. This goal was certainly also achieved.