3rd International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences: Conference Proceedings
The e-book is on the basis of 3rd International e-Conference, organized by the COAS.
The COAS plans and organizes e-conferences, as a kind of online international sessions, in different areas of science. E-conferences will be organized with different academic partners (institutions of higher education, research institutes, governmental institutions, NGOs, scientific associations, etc.).
Understanding of public finance as a sphere of social relationships by scholars is no single. It develops depending on increasing role of a state government. In Russia public finance is still understood as a set of economic relations aimed at generation and spending of public funds. This concept of public finance reflects in the current legislature. For example, according to the Russian Federation Budgeting Code, a budget is a form of generation and spending of money aimed at funding of functions and goals of a government unit. The mentioned concept of public finance reflects in the RF Tax Code, too. But in the Anglo-Saxon legal and economic doctrine public finance is understood as a sphere of social relations for resource allocation on a par with private finance. And taxes aren’t considered as payments for government services.
The legacy of Russian psychologist Lev Semenovich Vygotsky is most closely associated with the cultural-historical paradigm and, in the West, has found its most extensive application in contemporary developmental and educational psychology. However, Vygotsky’s project was far more ambitious than this perspective implies—in fact, he conceived a new, original program of general psychology that could address human beings in their full measure, foregrounding the human potential for freedom and agency. The distinctive characteristic of Vygotsky’s approach was his profound interdisciplinarity and, specifically, his evolving dialogue with art practices and aesthetics, the scope of which has only become clear with the recent publication of previously unpublished archival material and his writings as an art and literary critic. This article has two aims: to outline a more inclusive and nuanced understanding of Vygotsky’s views on general psychology, on the basis of recent archival discoveries and publications, and attending to these materials closely, to explicate the role that Vygotsky allocated to art in his radical project of creating the “height psychology.”
Welcome to the XVII International Research-to-Practice Conference dedicated to the memory of M.I. Kovalyov (ICK 2020), held on February 12-15, 2020. Organizers: Attorneys at law “LOYS” (Yekaterinburg, Russia), Ural State Law University (Yekaterinburg, Russia) and Russian Federal Bar Association (RFBA) (Moscow, Russia). Reconciliation was the major way of solving disputes long before the appearance of legal regulation. Religious standards always give a priority to reconciliation. In the era of developed legislation the value of reconciliation diminished. The reconciliation was replaced by legal rules that became standards of justice. These and other issues of reconciliation were discussed within XVII International Research-to-Practice Conference dedicated to the memory of M.I. Kovalyov (ICK 2020)
The book presents the articles of the joint XVII International Scientific and Practical Conference "Ensuring the Rights and Freedom of the Individual in the Modern World", held on November 23-24, 2016.
Many countries are directing their attention to the support of technological innovation with the intent to obtain economic and social benefits at home while positioning themselves for high margin, high technology export markets. The under-considered and under-exploited role of arts, humanities and social science in innovation is explored in this study. Examples of programs and activities in a variety of countries are illustrated. Insight into why the arts, humanities and social sciences are important to the generation of social and economic benefits through innovation is offered. Furthermore, recommendations are provided for better accessing the benefits that the arts, humanities and social science can provide.
During the period 5-9/12/2012, the 9th International Scientific Meeting on Hellenistic Pottery took place in Thessaloniki. The responsibility of the Meeting took the Permanent Scientific Committee of the Conference, the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, the Archaeological Museums and the Archaeological Service of Antiquities of Thessaloniki and Aiani. In the Meeting there were ninety-five participants, Greek and foreign archaeologists who contributed with oral announcements or posters (see program) while a big audience attended. For the purposes of the works there was published a Volume of Abstracts in Greek and English as well as a collective Volume with the presentation of the main themes of Hellenistic pottery in Macedonia (TAP editions).The book was distributed to the delegates. The meeting ended with a particularly interesting workshop at the Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki (08/12/12) and a visit at the Museum of Aiani (09/12/12).
The present paper discusses perspectives of Activity Theory (AT) in the context of contemporary globalizing world, describing which we refer to the notion “De-structuralized modernity” (Sorokin & Froumin, 2020). Radical changes in everyday life challenge social sciences and humanities. Approaches are in demand, which have the potential to comprehend the changing human étant and éntre. We argue that Activity Theory has the potential to face these challenges. Leontiev’s AT grounds on the idea of qualitatively new mental features arising to deal with novel environmental challenges, which is much in line with J.M. Baldwin reasoning on evolution. AT also offers a method to prognosis the upcoming neoplasms. In the same time, applying classics of AT to the current reality, “De-structuralized modernity”, entails the need for new theoretical elaborations of the latter, stemming from the radical transformation of the relations between individual and socio-cultural environments. A unique societal context emerges on the global level, which, on the one hand, requires individual to adapt constantly to changing socio-cultural reality, and, on the other hand, dramatically expands his/her potential for proactive actorhood transforming surrounding structures. We argue that the major and novel challenge for the individual is the task of maintaining the integrity and coherence of the a) Self-identity and b) system of links in and with the socio-cultural environment - in their dynamics and unity. The notion of “culture” has particular relevance and importance in this context because it allows grasping simultaneously two dimensions in their dynamic dialectical interrelations. First, the “internal” (“subjective”, “in the minds”) and “external” (“objective”, material and institutional environment) realities. Second, individual (“micro”) and societal (“macro”) scales of human activities. Discussing the ways to understand these dynamics, we dispute the popular “constitutive view” on personality and refer to the concept of the “ontological shift” (Mironenko & Sorokin, 2018). We also highlight how technological advancements change and “expand” human nature making it capable to deal with the outlined new tasks.
The article identifies the effect of personalization of politics: its definition is given, the determinants and possible consequences are considered. That effect is illustrated by some features in the Asian and European style of modern political leadership.
The article deals with the ways Russian authorities have constructed the social problem of HIV/AIDS (human immunodeficiency virus/ acquired immune deficiency syndrome) in Russia. The statistical construction of HIV/AIDS includes data indicating the significant rise of HIV prevalence in Russia since 2000. The study focuses on what and how Russian authorities speak about HIV/AIDS, while there are official data on the rapid spread of the virus in the country. The work is based on a discourse analysis of the authorities’ rhetoric about HIV/AIDS. During his first presidential terms, Vladimir Putin constructed HIV/AIDS not as an epidemic in the country, but as a “global problem,” representing Russia as a participant in international efforts to combat AIDS. The president problematized the HIV spread through the rhetoric of endangerment but without its crucial term “epidemic,” while at the same time de-problematized HIV in Russia by the strategy of naturalizing (“this is a problem that all countries face”). The Russian authorities appealed to traditional moral values and spoke about marginal or risk groups, rather than risk practices. After the deterioration of relations with Western countries since 2007, the Russian president excluded HIV/AIDS problem from his public agenda, despite the existence of the data on steep HIV growth in Russia. The Russian president’s traditionalism, de-problematization, and silence concerning HIV/AIDS lead to the absence of the HIV/AIDS issues in media agenda, the agenda of local authorities, and consequently the personal agendas of Russian citizens. The consequences are ignorance, fears, stigmatization of people living with HIV, semi-legal status of needle, and syringe exchange programs for intravenous drug users, low antiretroviral therapy coverage, and the continuing HIV epidemic.