Ценностные ориентиры современного бизнеса.
The monograph is devoted to judgment of contradictions between rapid development of business, its penetration into all spheres of life and expectations of society. In work genesis of aggravation of contradictions of business and social expectations in various cultures and confessional environments is investigated. The picture of the relations of business and society which developed by today in domestic practice is presented in the edition, need to change sense and a form of these relations, i.e. to carry out valuable reorientation of business is reasoned. The book opens models of consolidation of efforts on formation of valuable reference points of business, to revival of spirituality and morality – the most important condition of stability and sustainable development of society.
Aims: To explain comprehensively variations in adult male mortality rate in Europe, and in particular, high mortality in some East European countries with particular focus on specific patterns of alcohol consumption. Short summary: Per capita distilled spirits consumption is found to be the strongest determinant of the adult male mortality rate in Europe as soon as the unrecorded alcohol consumption is taken into account. It turns out to be much stronger than the other tested significant determinants such as per capita health expenditures, smoking prevalence, consumption of hard drugs and per capita consumption of vegetables and fruit.
Methods: Ordinary least squares (OLS) multiple regression with adult male mortality rate as a dependent variable, and various indicators of alcohol and drug consumption as well as logarithm of gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, logarithm of total per capita health expenditures, latitude (climatic factors), per capita fruit and vegetable consumption, smoking prevalence as independent factors.
Results: Per capita distilled spirits consumption turns out to be the strongest determinant of the adult male mortality rate in Europe as soon as the unrecorded alcohol consumption is taken into account. It turns out to be much stronger than the other tested significant determinants of the adult male mortality rate such as per capita health expenditures, smoking prevalence, consumption of hard drugs and per capita consumption of vegetables and fruit. Still, higher per capita wine consumption has turned out to be a marginally significant determinant of the higher adult male mortality rate in some tests. Latitude, beer and soft drug consumption have turned out insignificant in this study.
Conclusions: Spirits consumption is a major risk factor of adult male mortality, with significantly greater impact compared to beer and wine. Therefore, reduction in distilled spirits consumption in hard liquor drinking areas should be a major target in health policy.
According to modern views on human bio-sociality, Big Five person- ality traits have been shaped in the process of human evolution and their expression is an outcome of the complex interaction of prenatal predispositions and cultural environment. Present study investigates the impact of prenatal androgenization and cultural norms on the per- sonality traits in adult men from four ethnic groups living on the terri- tory of Russian Federation. The study was conducted on 263 young men (age range 17–30 years), including Russians, Armenians, Ob- Ugric and Buryats. The results revealed significant population diffe- rences in 2D:4D ratios on both hands, with lowest ratios for Asian sample, increasing in populations to the West. Significant ethnic dif- ferences were found for Openness to New Experience, Conscientious- ness, and Neuroticism. Positive association between 2D:4D ratios on the right hand and Agreeableness in men with no respect to population origin was detected. This relationship becomes stronger, when controlling for aggressiveness.
The article is based on the annual Perm All-Russian scientific and practical conference "Artificial intelligence in solving urgent social and economic problems of the XXI century" (http://www.permai.ru/files/26.05.2018.pdf). It is also a brief overview of the results of the Perm branch of the Scientific Council of the Russian Academy of Sciences on the methodology of artificial intelli- gence, as well as several departments of the Perm state University, Perm state humanitarian pedagogi- cal University, National research University Higher school of Economics, Perm state medical University. The review covers the works that develop and apply the methods of artificial intelligence in the classical sense, i.e., those methods that simulate human intellectual activity by simulating natural mechanisms.
These are expert systems, genetic algorithms, neural networks, fuzzy mathematics. The scientific priori- ty of Perm scientists in the development of theoretical foundations and practical applications of artificial intelligence is emphasized.
Keywords: Artificial intelligence, neural network, expert system, genetic algorithm, theory, prac- tice, modeling, forecasting, optimization, recognition, data processing, knowledge extraction.
This collection of essays was published in a form of a catalogue for one of the propgrams screened at the Yamagata International Documentary Film Fstival in October 2019. The program entitled "The Creative Treatment of Grierson in Wartime Japan" was co-organized by the Yamagata International Documentary Film Festival and the National Film Archive of Japan and presented a broad variety of wartime Japanese documentaries as well as British and Soviet films that have influenced them. The collection of essays explores the development of wartime Japanese documentary cinema from variety of historical and theoretical perspectives.
Systems Thinking in Museums explores systems thinking and the practical implication of it using real-life museum examples to illuminate various entry points and stages of implementation and their challenges and opportunities. Its premise is that museums can be better off when they operate as open, dynamic, and learning systems as a whole as opposed to closed, stagnant, and status quo systems that are compartmentalized and hierarchical. This book also suggests ways to incorporate systems thinking based on reflective questions and steps with hopes to encourage museum professionals to employ systems thinking in their own museum. Few books explore theory in practice in meaningful and applicable ways; this book offers to unravel complex theories as applied in everyday practice through examples from national and international museums.