Система подготовки кадров: точки роста
Two approaches toward cadres reserve creation is analyzed. First is the creation of cadres reserve for given positions according to the norms of Russian civil service legislation norms, and second is the creation of cadres reserve for indefinite list of managerial positions, that is realized in analogy with creation of cadres reserve under President of Russia patronage. Authors amylase the difference of described approaches on the level of principles of selection of cadres for reserve, on the level of relation of aims and procedures of cadres selection. The open competition on of candidates on the base of formal and educational tests, and selection of candidates on the base of expert recommendations, is searched. The peculiarities of financing of the cadres reserve in both approaches is also discussed.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.