Анализ 11 Федеральных проектов Национального проекта «Экология» сквозь призму ЦУР.
The article contains analysis of renewed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for the period up to 2030, characteristic of the development of cooperation among BRICS countries during Russia's chairmanship in the union. It also relates to specific features of interaction of BRICS countries on environmental SDGs. Special attention is paid to the issue of climate change and its consequences in light of the decisions of Paris summit of 2015. In particular the article focuses on goals and tasks of BRICS countries related to climate change and response to it, decreasing emissions of greenhouse gases. The authors also consider the issues of and prospects for using renewable energy sourcesbt BRICS countries, development of cooperation within th framework of BRICS Initiative on research and innovation .
The paper examines the main measures of internal and foreign policies of Argentina and Brazil connected with SDG (sustainable development goals) in energy sector and agriculture. The authors provide the short characteristics of the current trends of foreign policies of both countries and then analyze the case studies of the impact of the concept of sustainable development on the internal policies of Brazil and Argentina. As a conclusion the authors name some outcomes about the correspondence of the agenda of Latin American leading countries to SDGs in the spheres of energy, tourism and agriculture.
National interests and strategies of development and cooperation of BRICS countries are considered along with prospects for innovation-technological development qand coopera- tion of BRICS countries, national and civilization identity of BRICS countries, interstate relations and problems of intercultural communication. For specialists in the field of international relations, innovation and technological development, international economic and scientific technical copperation
In this article we consider the issue of debt governance within the context of sustainable development and economic growth. Although a lot have been made towards improving global financial stability after the recent crisis, the risks remain high as new threats emerge, and the global financial system is still unable to respond to them adequately. Today the key forum to confront increasing risks and promote viable governance is a group of major economies - G20. It is G20 that has done important steps towards global stability, and is expected to take the initiative for further improvements. Having considered the banking regulation innovations from the perspective of financial security and inclusiveness, we come to conclusion that the system is not yet sufficiently sustainable. The other idea we come up with is that implementation of financial transaction tax as a tool to discourage excessive speculation without impeding other economic activities seems to be socially responsible measure working for financial stability at the same time. Finally, we also assume that steadily increasing governmental debt of the leading economies presents a serious challenge to global financial stability and to sustainable growth, and should be dealt with accordingly. Otherwise, the world econmic system appears to become very fragile and unsustainable under the burden of financial imbalances and emerging risks.
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.