Волонтерство и благотворительность в России и задачи национального развития: докл. к XX Апр. междунар. науч. конф. по проблемам развития экономики и общества, Москва, 9–12 апр. 2019 г.
A study of discursive identities oppositions in terms of the two semantically close words denoting "volunteers", the one being a local Russian word and the other, an international one, reveals some typical meanings of volunteer participation in Russian volunteer movement. It is shown that the differences between "volunteer" and local "dobrovolets (good-willer)" conceptualized in two main lines: (1) as an opposition of the references to the country's history and to contemporary social and linguistic contexts, (2) as an opposition of the native word, which is clear to understand to a foreign language word, whose meaning cannot intuitively be caught. Temporal oppositions have ambivalent connotations, while, for example, contemporary volunteerism is referred to ‘actions’ and ‘old-fashioned dobrovol’chestvo is referred to ‘real deeds’.
Russian NGO sector includes various sectors of volunteer organizations. One of these is social volunteerism which is in the focus of the reviewed monograph. Social volunteerism is described as a complex phenomenon, including multiple aspects such as the structure and organization of the volunteer group, the role of a coordinator, and the relationship with government agencies. The moograph dispels a popular myth which argues that volunteerism has a zero cost. The case studies show that volunteer organizations bear expenses relating to the recruitment and training of volunteers, their retraining and the employment of experts. Significant attention is focused on the issue of the professional burn-out of volunteers and methods to prevent the burn-out.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.