Сотрудничество государств - членов ЕАЭС с ОЭСР в контексте развития интеграционной повестки Союза. Возможности использования наилучших практик ОЭСР в работе ЕАЭС
The main reason of understanding the population successfulness in professional and everyday life is to analyse its behavioral characteristics. Modern trends show the overrepresentation of infantile traits, or infantilism, in society. Infantilism is a very complicated concept, related to personal and social immaturity. The authors explore the correlation between infantile traits and results in literacy of the Russian Federation sample gained from PIAAC database.
Sustainable development, declared at the World Summit in Rio de Janejro in 1992, gradually became a landmark of economic policy for numerous leading countries of the world. Initiative belongs not only to the states but also to private sector in the form of big companies that wish to demonstrate their sustainability and reliability as partners, including not only financial, but environmental and social successes.
In order to develop common approach for reflecting environmental and social activities in corporate reports an international sr=tandard was developed - Global reporting initiative (GRI).
The main aim of GRI is to attain sustaibnable economy in the global scale when companies ensure reaching of relevant economic, environmental and social indicators, as well as adequate level of management system and transparent reporting.
The article also contain characteristics of environmental component of non-financial reporting according to the international standard.
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.
This article analyses the evolution of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s (OECD) Principles of Corporate Governance and the economic environment of their transformation, as well as the key changes in the third version of the document adopted in 2015. The authors conclude that this version reflects the recent challenges related to the role of stock exchanges in corporate governance, information disclosure and risk management. However, it is still oriented toward profit maximization amid the lack of attention to the balance of interests among stakeholders and to aspects of corporate governance related to the quality of life. Members of the Group of 20 (G20) that are not members of the OECD participated in revising the document, but this did not result in any dramatic changes in the structure or content of the principles.
This article focuses on the cooperation between the OECD and G20 countries, including non-OECD members, in the process of updating the principles in 2013–15. The authors identify three major mechanisms of cooperation: 1) discussion of corporate governance at regional roundtables and other international events related to corporate governance, 2) online consultations and 3) OECD peer reviews. The article studies the participation of six G20 countries that are not members of the OECD: Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa and Indonesia. Brazil was the most active country under review — its representatives actively communicated with the OECD using all available mechanisms. The contributions of China, India, Indonesia and Russia were also estimated as high. The least active participant was South Africa.
The authors provide an article-by-article overview of the double tax treaty Russia-Argentina effective as of January 1, 2013.
The paper presents the selected parts of the translation of the Chapter 10 Scenarios for Financial Stability of Tertiary Education of the publication Higher Education to 2030. Volume 2: Globalization published by OECD in 2009. It explores how tertiary education worldwide could develop in financial sustainable manner, providing an overview of the main alternatives for higher education financing today with an emphasis on different allocation models and suggestions on possible future scenarios for higher education financing.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.