O WOLNOŚĆ I SPRAWIEDLIWOŚĆ. CHRZEŚCIJAŃSKA EUROPA MIĘDZY WIARĄ I REWOLUCJĄ
The personal variable of successful coping with stress, or «hardiness», is considered. The results of comparative research about hardiness in students of humanitarian and technical orientation of training are presented.
This paper outlines the essential aspects of the Machiavelli’s religious concept. This theory was invented by Machiavelli in 16th century, and played a key role in the formation and development of the Reformation process in Germany. In this work we will try to rediscover Machiavelli’s religious concept, using work of some modern interpreters of his philosophical legacy.
This translation of selected chapters from Mauriac’s Notebooks reveals the meaning of such terms as “an engaged writer”, “an engaged journalist,” faith and grace.
The article is devoted of philosophical views by Leo Tolstoy, we described transitions of ideas from Enlightenment to the philosophy of Life.
The tragedy of Bulgakov is the tragedy of philosophy. The tragedy of Shestov is the philosophy of tragedy. Tragedy is a key word; it is therein that the thoughts of both philosophers overlap. From the standpoint of Bulgakov, the tragedy of being is not to be solved in the ‘philosophy of tragedy’, for this philosophy itself is not tragic, it does not live in tragedy, but only reasons on it. Bulgakov’s idea of uniting theology and philosophy should have seemed intolerably false to Shestov as, in his opinion, it could only bring to deviation from faith, to its blending into philosophy and not to the latter’s rising to the knowledge of God. ‘The tragedy of Philosophy’, according to Bulgakov, is, first of all, recognition of insolvability of the main tasks, the philosophical reason is setting for itself: looking into causes of the world evil, possibility of freedom, sense of history, the unity of things in the great Whole. The form taken by this tragedy is antinomianism.
The article presents the problem of the choise of faith in th earky medieval Turcic - Uighur and Khazarian - empires
The story "Life Basil Thebes" offers great material for research and interpretation. The philosophical and cultural ideas, which can be easily discovered in the work - questions of faith and irreligion, human and God, miracle and the absurd (putting in a radical and uncompromising form) – show the deep connection between Andreev and the traditions of existential philosophy from Kierkegaard to Heidegger and Camus. These central questions of Andreev’s literary-artistic world, certainly, deserve careful hermeneutic analysis. In this case, at the heart of the story we find an attempt to answer the key question of existential philosophy: "... Is it possible to live without being called from on high."