Муниципальное право : учебник и практикум для академического бакалавриата
The article is based on the empirical research done during 2008-2010 within the framework of research projects of the Project-academic laboratory of the municipal management at the National Research University High School of Economics on municipal territories of Krasnodar, Tver, Kostroma, Kaliningrad, Rostov, Novosibirsk, Sverdlovsk. Th e research found that municipal territorial structure is unbalanced especially in city districts. Th e article considers such a phenomenon of the territorial structure as territorial forms independent of geographical regions and the subjects of the Russian Federation. Th e existing forms of city districts are characterized and a forecast of possible prospects of their development is made in the article.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.