L’Imaginaire raciologique en France et en Russie, XIXe – XXe siècles.
In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, in the epoch of national states, colonial conquests and imperialist powers (with a liberal, communist, fascist ideology), the reflection on the "race" was one of the most active, influential and problematic trends in the social thought of a number of countries.
The present collection publishes in French the papers presented at the international conference on the history of racial representations, which took place in Moscow, at the Russian State University for the Humanities, in May 2012. Experts from Russia, France and Germany took part in it.
The concept of race was developed in the European culture of the 19th century for the classification of society in its new, situation without social states. It proved incapable of presenting a picture of society other than in the form of ambiguous narrative constructs. Examples are the racial theories of the Count de Gobineau and Alfred Rosenberg, as well as the literary work of Theophile Gautier, the Goncourt brothers and other writers.