Тактическое планирование цепей поставок промышленных предприятий (на примере угольного холдинга)
The paper examines Advanced Planning and Scheduling systems (APS systems). The main parameters of demanding planning environments are systematized which limit the possibility of successful implementation of the standard APS systems. The requirements and definition for next generation of APS systems is presented
The article shows that Supply Chain Management is an active organization and a current mobilization of value chain to raise contracting parties’ competitiveness. The author analyzes three main groups of decisions (stages in strategic supply chain planning): Supply Chain Design (SCD), Supply Chain Planning (SCP), Supply Chain Operations (SCO). A general outline of strategic decisions realization in supply chains based on a successive principle is suggested: understanding a customer and vagueness of a supply chain; understanding supply chain opportunities; achieving strategic conformity. The author determines areas of strategic conformity in two spectrums of a coordinate: an assumed vagueness of demand and “reactivity/effectiveness” balance of supply chains.
The study systematizes and formalizes of specialized approaches to managing supply chains of leading metal companies and their relationships. The analysis formalized the main directions of development of the methodology of supply chain planning in terms of adapting to the specific of metals including: the reorganization of relations of existing planning processes in accordance with best practices in the industry planning; consolidation of models CCOR, SCOR and DCOR in a single system of supply chain planning processes; refinement steps of the planning process, and the introduction of additional, if necessary; formalization of methods and planning models; definition of requirements for information technology support.
The paper analyzes melt shop and caster scheduling at special steel maker – Trinecke Zelezarny. The main optimization objectives of melt shop and caster scheduling are defined as: minimization of earliness and lateness of orders, maximization of tundish utilization, minimization of steel grade changes and minimization of mold width changes, minimization of stock, minimization of over grading, management of iron inventory. The following key problems of scheduling are defined: underdeveloped optimization algorithms and insufficient computer performance. Based on this the key provisions of a new method of melt shop and caster scheduling are proposed. The method significantly improves quality of planning. It includes the following three stages: production capacity allocation; heat building; sequencing. An experience of successful practical development and implementation of specialized software solution based on the new method at Czech special steel maker is provided.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.