Современные коммуникативные науки: Социальные практики как совместность слова
Communication relies on verbal and non-verbal interaction. To be most effective, group members need to improve verbal and non-verbal communication. Non-verbal communication fulfills functions within groups that are sometimes difficult to communicate verbally. But interpreting non-verbal messages requires a great deal of skill because multiple meanings abound in these messages. Today the theory and practice of communication attract more and more scholars, as it has become evident that the investigation of its problems requires expertise from different areas of study. The present state of communication theory research is characterized by a lack of general methodological foundations and common conceptual approaches. There is no clear theoretical basis, commonly accepted terminology, fundamental assumptions, which would allow representatives of different directions and trends achieve mutual understanding. Opinions differ as to what should be seen as communication.
Author analyzed the world distribution of the key awards of 15 leading film festivals according to the FIAPF (fr. Fédération Internationale des Associations de Producteurs de Films) for all years of carrying out. It is not only the representation of the countries but the chronology and factors of it’s appearing among the winners. Certain Latin American award winners were examined through its plot. Also the films shot by directors-migrants are considered. The paper shows what images of countries and cities award winners translate to the world. Among the Latin American countries the majority of the awards was received by Brazil, Mexico and Argentina. The main town for the most outstanding movies of Brazil is Rio de Janeiro. The «Brazilian» plots are often developed also in the northeast of the country. In case of Argentina the action of the winner movies happens in Buenos Aires or just in certain «big city». Many Latin American movies are connected by the scene of action and a plot with a natural dominant of the region, the Amazon river. The authentic plots (highly valued by film festival juries) can be found in the works of migrant directors. One of the brightest Mexican winner movie was directed by Diego Quemada-Díaz, who migrated from Spain to Mexico. «The golden dream» narrates about three teenagers who goes from Guatemala to the USA.
The research is dedicated to the differences in visual representation of global fashion media brand Vogue, that can be reflected through the cultural specifics of the countries included in the study.
The research includes content as well as visual analysis (cover) of the Vogue issues, published in 2018 in six culturally different countries: USA, United Kingdom, Russian Federation, Australia, India and United Arab Emirates.
Within content analysis methodology the number of pages, the sections in issues as well as the amount of advertisement (both local and global) in issues were count.
Visual analysis included the perceived age and race of the model on the cover, the profession of the model as well as her or his pose and gestures. General saturation of covers with text was also evaluated.
As was supposed, the age of the hero on the cover may reflect the general ideas of the «age of active social life» in different counties, as well as it could be an indicator of the «cult of youngness» in some cultures.
We also supposed that Muslim traditions and culture may affect the visual representation of Vogue Arabia, which was shown in the absence of male characters on the cover page, mainly covered bodies on the pictures and lack of local heroes on the covers.
Thirdly, we supposed that the balance (or misbalance) between local and foreign heroes on the cover may be an indicator of the orientation on local or global agenda, as well as that countries with historically strong cultural industries (USA with Hollywood and India with Bollywood) will prefer local heroes on the covers.
The author teaches to awaken creativity in oneself, using emotions as a factor of motivation, explains the concept of critical thinking, gives the reader tools to add / edit publications to increase the clarity and rationality of their own judgments, and also shows where a particular theory is applicable
The primary ambition of this special issue of The Hague Journal of Diplomacy1 is to approach a certain segment of the diplomatic universe that has been heretofore overlooked, and yet one could argue it is also more than ever pertinent to the effort to understand geopolitical and cultural impacts on governance in contemporary diplomacy.2 The articles that form ‘Non-State Diplomacy from Non-Western Perspectives’ are foremost joined by their challenge to two prevailing tendencies in diplomatic studies scholarship: first, the interpretation of non-Western practices through a predominantly Western lens; and, following from this, that diplomatic action in these contexts is largely confined to state institutions. Each of the articles in this special issue applies exploratory lenses of ‘contextual discovery’ to recalibrate foundational developments in the current diplomacy scholarship through an empirical research conducted in non-Western countries.3 Each article offers fresh findings from non-Western contexts to enrich a growing body of literature that takes a ‘post-globalist’ approach to the study of diplomacy.4 In doing so, the scholarship embraces complexities of challenging co-existence among state and non-state actors in the field of international relations. Two years in the making, this special issue expresses our hope that — by drawing these perspectives into the light — we will be in a much better position to meet this non-state/non-Western phenomenon with a fuller appreciation of its manifestations.
Systems Thinking in Museums explores systems thinking and the practical implication of it using real-life museum examples to illuminate various entry points and stages of implementation and their challenges and opportunities. Its premise is that museums can be better off when they operate as open, dynamic, and learning systems as a whole as opposed to closed, stagnant, and status quo systems that are compartmentalized and hierarchical. This book also suggests ways to incorporate systems thinking based on reflective questions and steps with hopes to encourage museum professionals to employ systems thinking in their own museum. Few books explore theory in practice in meaningful and applicable ways; this book offers to unravel complex theories as applied in everyday practice through examples from national and international museums.