A Student's Guide
In the presented book is based on the method of deduction system develops the theory of capital as the potential development of the society. The capital is treated in a generalized sense as the amount of private capital: physical, human, social, demographic, cultural, financial and natural. The book not only introduces quantitative criteria for the development and discusses the types of civilizational structures, but also the dynamics of the capital in a number of liberal - social - state socio-humanitarian. The presented system human capital theory includes the methodology for calculation of the data on capital as the countries of the world, still the subjects of the Russian Federation. The book is intended for researchers, teachers and students in the Humanities and the natural profile, dealing with the problems of natural-humanitarian synthesis.
This book presents the results of analysis of human capital in Murmansk and Archangelsk regions, republics of Komi and Karelia, and Nenets Autonomous Region. The authors considered migration processes and their trends; some of these were analyzed at municipal level. Having taken in account the importance of life expectancy as a complex indicator of sustainable development, the authors identified the periods of its growth and decline. Age-specific differences were also scrutinized. The relative contributions of major causes of mortality in life expectancy at birth were estimated. The authors described the dynamics of population of small indigenous peoples of the North (Vepsians, Nenets, Komi), the problems associated with their self-identification, census administration, migration, childbirth and life expectancy. The authors analyzed climate change as the new health risk factor, which affects safety of food and drinking water, accessibility of medical services and specific practices of deer-herding. A separate chapter of the book is devoted to current and future trends in working-age population until 2002. Each territory of Barents Sea Region displayed its own peculiar behavior of this indicator. The authors compared selected social, economic and demographic indicators in European part of Russian Arctic with those in foreign countries which belong to Barents Sea Region. This monograph was a product of collaborative efforts of the researchers from Economic Forecasting Institute and Institute of Demography of Higher School of Economics. B. A. Revich, Doctor of Medicine, and B. N. Porfiryev, Corresponding Member of Russian Academy of Sciences, edited this book.