PHYSICS, TECHNOLOGIES AND INNOVATION (PTI-2017): Proceedings of the IV International Young Researchers’ Conference
This proceeding volume contains selected contributions from the participants of the IV International Young Researchers Conference: Physics, Technologies and Innovation (PTI-2017) held from May 15 to 19, 2017 in Ekaterinburg, Russia. The conference continued the tradition of annual meetings in the general area of modern science and innovative technology. This, fourth, conference was organized and held by the Institute of Physics and Technology of the Ural Federal University, one of the largest educational institutions in Russia. The primary aim of the conference was providing the opportunity for younger researchers (of graduate and postgraduate level) to meet and discuss the results of their studies, and to present their work in front of a panel of national and international experts. To encourage graduate and postgraduate students to attend and make the meeting as accessible as possible, the conference this year, same as previously, was totally free of charge for all the participants.
Social networks are powerful sources of data due to their popularity. Twitter is one of the networks providing a lot of data. There is need to collect this data for future usage from linguistics to SMM and marketing. The report examines the existing software solutions and provides new ones. The study includes information about the software developed. Some future features are listed.
This book presents invited reviews and original short notes of recent results obtained in studies concerning the fabrication and application of nanostructures, which hold great promise for the next generation of electronic, optoelectronic and energy conversion devices.
Covering exciting and relatively new topics such as fast-progressing nanoelectronics and optoelectronics, molecular electronics and spintronics, nanophotonics, nanosensorics and nanoenergetics as well as nanotechnology and quantum processing of information, this book gives readers a more complete understanding of the practical uses of nanotechnology and nanostructures.
The formation of the Afroeurasian world-system was one of the crucial points of social evolution, starting from which the social evolution rate and effectiveness increased dramatically. In the present chapter we analyze processes and scales of global integration in historical perspective, starting with the Agrarian Revolution. We connect the main phases of historical globalization with the processes of the development of the Afroeurasian world-system. In the framework of the Afroeurasian world-system the integration began a few thousand years BCE. In this world-system the continental and supracontinental links became rather developed long before the Great Geographic Discoveries and thus, they could quite be denoted as global (albeit in a somehow limited sense). As some researchers are still inclined to underestimate the scale of those links in the pre-Industrial era, it appears necessary to provide additional empirical support for our statement. It also turns necessary to apply a special methodology (which necessitated the use of the world-system approach). We analyze some versions of periodization of globalization history. We also propose our own periodization of globalization history using as its basis the growing scale of intersocietal links as an indicator of the level of globalization development.
The Organizing Committee is pleased to announce the Eighteenth International Vacuum Electronics Conference, IVEC 2017, organized and sponsored by the European Space Agency (ESA) with the Technical co‐sponsorship of IEEE Electron Devices Society (EDS), that will be held 24 - 26 April 2017 in the city of London, UK. IVEC was originally created in 2000 by merging the US Power Tubes Conferences and the European Space Agency TWTA Workshops, and has now expanded to a fully international conference, being held every other year in the USA, and in Europe and Asia alternately every fourth year. After an exciting IVEC in Monterey, USA, in 2016, IVEC’17 returns to Europe to the marvellous city of London (UK). You can learn more about IVEC by visiting VacuumElectronics.org, the IEEE EDS Vacuum Electronics Technical Committee website. IVEC 2017 aims at being an international forum of information and technical discussion between the various players in the field of vacuum electronics: designers, researchers, young and experienced engineers, scientists, device users, manufacturers, operators, government/institutions, academics and, of course, our valuable students. Therefore, we invite you to submit papers with the results of your work and experiences in the field of vacuum electronics. Submissions from all groups are highly encouraged and appreciated. IVEC 2017 will provide a unique place for the exchange of scientific and technical information and will foster collaboration and cooperation in the vacuum electronics domain both at European and worldwide level.
Innovation management in industrial enterprises is always associated with high costs and a high probability of failure. In this study, we consider the estimation of the maturity of the organizational capacity of the industrial enterprises to implement innovations. For this purpose, we analyzed various approaches to innovation management maturity model (ICMM), as well as a study of innovative enterprises to identify major gaps in their innovative activity. This article offers a systematic approach to improving innovation management
We consider the “Matthew effect” in the citation process which leads to reallocation (or misallocation) of the citations received by scientific papers within the same journals. The case when such reallocation correlates with a country where an author works is investigated. Russian papers in chemistry and physics published abroad were examined. We found that in both disciplines in about 60% of journals Russian papers are cited less than average ones. However, if we consider each discipline as a whole, citedness of a Russian paper in physics will be on the average level, while chemistry publications receive about 16% citations less than one may expect from the citedness of the journals where they appear. Moreover, Russian chemistry papers mostly become undercited in the leading journals of the field. Characteristics of a “Matthew index” indicator and its significance for scientometric studies are also discussed.
Luddites is a historical term used to describe a type of artisan, lost their guild status, economic independence and position in the course of the industrial revolution. Perm case allows us to apply the term to a situation of mass introduction of cultural industries in the modern city. In modern society, Gallery is a specialized factory for the production of art. It organizes artistic activity of people of art, develops rules for distinguishing art, creates a center of attraction for artists, their agents and producers. Similar functions are performed by modern theaters, museums, book fairs and exhibition centers. The paper presents an analysis of resistance practices that the local branch of the Union of Artists of Russia, some writers and journalists met with the development of the project in the Perm Museum of Modern Art PERMM and support program for cultural
|1 (26) 2017| © Издательство «Эйдос», 2017. Только для личного использования. © Publishing House EIDOS, 2017. For Private Use Only. Международный журнал исследований культуры International Journal of Cultural Research www.culturalresearch.ru Содержание / Table of Contents Тема номера / Topic of the Issue КУЛЬТУРНЫЕ ИНДУСТРИИ / CULTURAL INDUSTRIES Андрей Николаевич КАБАЦКОВ / Andrey Nikolaevich KABATSKOV | Луддиты в современной культурной индустрии. Пермский кейс / Luddites in Modern Cultural Industry. Perm Case | 82 industries. Displaying the birth of public skirmishes in the press, the ideology of resistance to cultural invasion. The core of the resistance ideology was the idea of the construction of the local territorial identity, spiritual identity and traditions of the mining civilization storage (Ivanov). This allowed the opposition to present a cosmopolitan conflict, businessmen and the keepers of folk traditions. The reason for the defeat of bearers is a disability to mobilize citizens. Relegating them to the role of spectators, and the power of the initiators of the cultural changes turned them into the crowd of onlookers in no one's own social position. As a result of the defeat of “Perm cultural project” Luddites were able to celebrate a victory (in contrast to their British predecessors), and creative industries were compromised.
During the last decades the number of universities extending their initial education and teaching missions towards the triple helix and knowledge triangle paradigms, e.g. knowledge and technology transfer and innovation has increased substantially. In line with this evolution the term ‘entrepreneurial university’ became increasingly popular however until recently there is hardly a common understanding of ‘entrepreneurial universities’. The main perception of ‘entrepreneurial universities’ rests with a visible and measurable contribution of universities to innovation and entrepreneurship in a broader sense. Although this perception is plausible and convincing it raises many open questions which mainly point to university governance models. The innovation and entrepreneurial university paradigm requires a holistic view on university governance approaches which include the full set of universities missions and respective management routines. In this respect it’s of utmost importance that universities keep a “healthy balance” between their missions. This statement is frequently used in many instances yet thus far there is no clear indication what a “healthy balance” implies. The chapter provides first indications about entrepreneurial university governance and respective management approaches.