ТОРГОВЛЯ, КУПЕЧЕСТВО И ТАМОЖЕННОЕ ДЕЛО В РОССИИ В XVI–XIX вв. Сборник материалов Четвертой международной научной конференции (Нижний Новгород, 28–30 сентября 2017 г.)
Permissive powers of customs authorities have historically significant character , due to the fact that it is through these powers are exercised regulation of foreign trade activities and facilities at the customs infrastructure throughout the history of the formation of customs in Russia . The problem of precise regulation permitting powers of customs authorities was the fact that in the process of customs affairs in Russia , at different historical stages varied functions and tasks of customs authorities . Furthermore neither in legislation nor at theoretical conclusions is no definition of permissive powers of customs authorities, because of the low level of theoretical elaboration issues.
This single-volume work covers many traditions, customs, and activities Westerners may find unusual or shocking, covering everything from the Ashanti people's funeral celebrations to wife-carrying competitions in Finland. This work provides high school and undergraduate students with a compelling and fascinating exploration of world customs and traditions. Comprising entries by anthropologists, religious leaders, scholars, dancers, musicians, historians, and artists from almost every continent in the world, this encyclopedia provides readers a truly global and multidisciplinary perspective. The entries explore the origins of the custom, explain how it was established as a tradition, and describe how and where it is practiced. A thematic guide enables readers to look up entries by the type of tradition or custom, such as birth, coming of age, courtship and wedding, funeral, daily customs, holidays, and festivals. Features • Provides a unique global perspective via content from 48 authors currently working, living, or traveling in most continents of the world • Supplies interdisciplinary points of view by incorporating aspects of religion, food, festivals, history, social practices, funeral traditions, and grand community celebrations • Serves to highlight distinct cultural differences while also enabling readers to discover how much people have in common and to consider how certain American traditions might seem "strange" to people from outside the United States
In this paper were examined the concepts of uso and costumbre as they are reflected in the Siete Partidas of Alphonse the Sage of Castile (1252 – 1284). Author analyses the problems of its introduction, principal qualities and procedure of the abrogation of a custom. The special consideration is given to the organic connections existing between the law of medieval Castile and the doctrine of European ius commune.
The article deals with the effects of ruble appreciation in 2008-2011 for various sectors of the Russian economy. Comparing the list of the most "victims" of commodity groups and activities with changes in customs duties, the authors come to the conclusion that foreign trade policy measures are not contributing to the support of vulnerable to foreign competition industries.