Регулирование тарифов в газовом комплексе России
A game theory approach to analyzing the competitiveness of tariffs on transit container transportation via railroads is proposed. In the framework of the proposed approach the analysis is implemented by solving (finding saddle points in) two games on polyhedral sets of connected strategies of the players with the payoff function being a sum of two linear functions of vector arguments. When Russian Railways compete against all its competitors, finding competitive tariffs and a fair share of the market of transit container transportation is reducible to solving two auxiliary quadratic programming problems. When Russian Railways partners (forms a coalition) with any of its competitors, finding the saddle point of the game is reducible to solving systems of quadratic inequalities.
The proposed approach allows Russian Railways develop substantiated recommendations on changing tariffs, determined by the 10-01 Russian regulation, not only for transit container transportation, but for all railroad freight transportation in Russia.
The article is devoted to the long-term regulation of rail freight tariffs proposed in the order of the FAS Russia. The process of indexation of tariffs in 2017 and 2018 is described and calculation of indexation of tariffs for 2019-2023 is made on the basis of the FAS methodology and inflation forecasts
The article is dedicated to the work of S.Yu. Witte by rail. The period of his work in the joint-stock company of the South-Western Railways, his journalistic and expert activity in the railway field at this time is considered. The article provides an overview of Witte’s views on the system of railway freight tariffs formulated in his book Principles of Railway Tariffs for the Carriage of Goods (1883) and analyzed his views on the private and government railway facilities
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.