Коммуникация в современном поликультурном мире: национально-культурная специфика построения дискурса. Сборник трудов
The dynamics of interlevel relationships in language (constructive ideas for educational purposes)
The article surveys new insights into second language writing process of university students. One of the main issues relates to the effects of own-language use on writing in English as a second language. Special attention is devoted to logical and grammatical aspects of the English sentence as compared to the typical sentence in the Russian language. Logical - grammatical word order interaction in terms of linguistic system constitutes part of written discourse ideas generation. Based on the assumption that this interaction is inherent to human language of any structure but manifests itself differently in syntax, the Russian language is involved as a tool of analysis.
The results imply the priority of logical word order over grammatical word order when they interact in the writing process of both languages discussed. Syntax as a structural means of forming ideas is flexible enough to perform this function effectively, even in a language with a fixed grammatical word order organization.
The article is devoted to the analysis of the deep structures of communication, hidden from direct perception, but defining the main features of any communication. Currently, to refer to this structure, the concept of information and communication universum is used. The article shows the formation of this category, and the prospects for its use for the study of complex communicative processes.
The article presents the author’s reflection on the topic of scientific communication and forms of presentation of scientific results in the form of journal publications. As a starting point for reflection served the meeting that took place on March 28, 2019 held by the editor-in-chief of the journal "Russian Journal of Philosophical Sciences" Khachatur Marinosyan with new researchers. The event was mainly devoted to the structure of the representation of modern knowledge, a crucial role in which is continued to be played by a scientific journal, that should be considered as a special phenomenon of intellectual culture. Consideration of the work of the journal institution, both during the meeting and in the framework of the narrative of this article is based on the communicative perspective. In addition to the main topics of scientific communication some relevant to the institutional functioning of knowledge topics were also considered and discussed: ageism, interdisciplinarity, transmedia, formalization of knowledge, international unification and formal indexation of journals. The meeting, which format was unusual for contemporary Russian science, aroused the interest of the professional community. A partner in its organization was the Social Philosophy Department of the Institute of Philosophy of Russian Academy of Sciences. The relevance and just-in-time character of the "dialogical" approach to the functioning of science is evidenced by the participants, beginning scientists from Lomonosov Moscow State University, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences, also joined by independent researchers who do not have an institutional position in academic institutions, but are engaged in research activities. The most important result of the meeting was the thesis about the possibility and necessity of thematic updating of humanitarian and, in particular, philosophical knowledge by the forces of beginning but promising authors, to which the editorial Board should be ready if it wants to maintain journal’s leading status and keep up with the times.
The author talks about the state in the context of globalization, about the features it should have in order to confront the current challenges. As a result of globalization processes, according to many researchers, the role of the state has become increasingly contested both within the state and at the international level. States are forced to develop in a more open and interdependent world, as a result they are going through a fundamental transformation of the underlying rationality. At the same time, the state in the realities of the global system is becoming one of the main tools to adapt society to the new conditions. In order to fulfill its role effectively, the government must meet the latest requirements and possess certain characteristics. The author offers a definition of the state: the state — a condition of social communication, constructed and institutionalizing at a certain stage of development of society, characterized by unity of the public authorities and the people, united by the law and territory. From this definition shows the following constitutive features of the state: social communication, institutionalization, the unity of the public authorities and the people, law and territory. The author provides an analysis of each of these features, puts attention to the great role of the legal and spiritual communication as a link between the foundations of society and the state.
The article contains the results of consumer attitude study to the automation of communication in the telecommunications market. Four options of interaction between consumer and the company are discovered. The zero hypothesis that consumers are not satisfied with the practice of introduction of answering machines is formed and based on the study results is confirmed. The percentage of the consumer's problem successful solution by the currently existing communication system is determined. The readiness of the target market to communicate its proposals to the company is highlighted, and convenient channels of interaction are identified. The results of the study can be used by Russian telecommunications companies.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.