Современное предпринимательство в инновационной экономике
Following the notion of environmental footprint international environmental comunity detalised notions of specific environmental media footprints, including carbon and water footprints. The article is devoted to major aspects of carbon balances and problems of attaining carbon neutrality, as well as issues of certification of Russian companies according to existing international standards. It also relates to issues of voluntary carbon reporting, corporate social responsibility of companies, standardization of water footprint, national accounts as the basis for formulation and adoption of sustainable and sound strategies in the field of water resource management for further development of water sector of the Russian Federation
Over the last few years the issue of sustainable development has become increasingly important in the world. Global demand for environmentally friendly products and services, such as healthy lifestyles (green buildings, organic products, eco-tourism), alternative medicine and personal growth, is growing every year. According to experts this is one of the fastest growing markets in the world economy. One key condition for the transition to sustainable development is the formation of a “green economy”. According to the definition given in the reports by the United Nations Environment Programme, a “green economy” is one that enhances the welfare of the people and ensures social justice and thus significantly reduces environmental risk and degradation. The concept of "green management" inextricably linked with the "green" economy" is not thoroughly and exhaustively disclosed in the modern literature. Using the methodology of historical research, this paper proposes a consistent disclosure of the term. The empirical method revealed the impact of environmental information disclosure on the financial statements and decision-making by managers in relation to environmental cost management.
The particularities of American political system impede the progress of US climate change regime at the federal level. The only possible way to create the comprehensive system of climate change regulation in the USA is thereby the bottom-to-up scheme proceeding from the diverse green initiatives at the level of firms, communities and states.