Проектирование системы распределения в логистике
The article examines conceptual problems of Distribution Logistics in view of realization of the «Distribution Management» function and the design of an effective logistical distribution network of a goods flow. Distribution Management demands logistics to have a constant control over the efficiency of organization of logistical processes in a distribution network. To increase efficiency of distribution network operation there should be a careful and all round assessment of the existing and perspective condition of a company’s distribution systems. The purpose of this effectiveness assessment of distribution systems of a company is to
thoroughly study the organization of logistical processes in the system, condition and operation control of a goods movement system and logistics operations costs and functions in distribution, and to reveal defects in organization, performance and control of logistical activities. The author considers interaction of logistics and adjacent company’s departments while managing distribution. Several unique algorithms of designing and reengineering of a distribution network are offered and it is shown in the case studies how they are realized.
Within the last twenty years methods of optimization simulation began to be used actively in planning and supply chain management. Considering specifics of problems of planning in supply chains the greatest popularity received the linear programming and its such methods as dynamic programming, stochastic programming and planning of scenarios. These methods allow to perform optimization of the supply chain according to numerous databases, to each of which there corresponds the scenario describing different options of development in the uncertain future.
Despite rather intensive researches in this area, stochastic programming is still poorly developed section of mathematical programming. In stochastic programming it is more, than in other sections of the theory of the conditional extremum problems, the considerable difficulties arise not only by development of solution methods, but also in case of problem definition in which it is necessary to reflect sometimes quite thin situations of planning and control in the conditions of risk and uncertainty. From there is the need for development of new models of planning and supply chain management in the conditions of the incomplete information and methods allowing them to research.
In paper considers the problem of application of method of dynamic linear programming for the solution of the task of the choice of optimum strategy of sending containers taking into account essential irregularity of loading and sending containers is considered. The mathematical model of the multistage dynamic problem about sending loaded containers which allows to perform the choice of optimum strategy of sending containers taking into account essential irregularity of their loading and sending from railway freight yard is offered. The numerical example which is set by efficiency of use of the method of dynamic linear programming for the solution of the considered task is provided.
It is shown in the article, that adjustment of actions on implementing logistic functions or logistic business processes inside the company is the base for intrafunctional logistic coordination in the company, allowing to increase efficiency and fecundity of company`s operation as a whole. Logistic coordination is essential part of all functions of managerial activity: planning, motivation and control, as well as connecting them processes of communication and decision-making.
Providing efficient promotion of material flows in network of distribution requires interorganizational logistic coordination, touching adjusting in the work of all participants of integrated logistic system (or supply chain). The most efficient methods of attaining intrafunctional coordination in distributing network of trade company are viewed.
Special attention in the article is devoted to organization of effective interaction between logistics and marketing.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management