Казус. Индивидуальное и уникальное в истории - 2017
This issue of is devoted to researches of deception in history: usurpers (fake men and women), fake heraldry and genealogy, fake documents.
The paper traces a microhistory of the return of Islam to the public sphere examining it at the local level of a distinct Muslim congregation(jama‘at) in Northern Dagestan. The most serious impact of the dissolution of the Soviet kolkhoz system was the division of a single community into two separate congregations in the mountains and the lowlands. The emergence of Islam in the public sphere in the 1990s brought about an abrupt polarization of Dagestani society, which was divided into several antagonist factions of the so-called or labeled Salafis and traditionalists. However, the congregation’s majority has been changing its religious orientation according to the situation, siding sometimes with one or other faction.
The article considers the Soviet roots of Islamic rise at the micro level of the individual farm in Northern Dagestan. The author comes to the conclusion that the post-Soviet re-Islamization of the village in 1990s was not "revival" of the local pre-revolutionary Islamic tradition, destroyed during Soviet political repression. The foundations for the Islamic rise of the 1990-ies were laid in the jamaats of collective and state farms, set up in the mountains and in the plains in the second half of the twentieth century. Kolkhoz was not an intermediary between the Soviet authorities and the local society, it would stand with the Muslim community, but had given the last resources for existence.
The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.