Challenges and Solutions in the Russian Energy Sector
The book provides a comprehensive overview of the most recent and advanced research findings on energy production and management in the important Ural industrial region of Russia. The authors consider economic problems of energy development, management systems for sustainable energy, and investment mechanisms for energy. Comprised of chapters on energy efficient technologies, environmental aspects of using energy, and personnel for the power industry, the volume is ideal for a range of scientists and engineers interested in innovative approaches to generation and distribution of energy.
Development of distributed generation is one of the modern trends in the electric power industry worldwide. The main drivers are technology progress and energy policy (stimulating development of RES, cogeneration, “green energy”, etc.). Furthermore, consumers’ request for higher service standards is important. Liberalization of the electric power industry creates additional opportunities for the development of distributed generation. Also it is necessary to synchronize the development of the electric power industry, heat industry, and consumers’ generation.
Development of Russian electric power industry in recent years is characterized by a multitude of problems and a decrease in a number of performance indicators. It dissatisfies consumers and encourages them to implement various measures to reduce risks and costs of energy supply. This creates preconditions for the emergence of «active» consumers in the domestic electric power industry. Given this trend it would be appropriate to switch from Supply Side Management to Demand Side Management. This will require the implementation of a wide range of measures, including strategic issues of industry development, legal framework and transition to a customer-centric market model.