"Мониторинг экономики образования" (Вып.15 (114)) Преподаватели и студенты профессиональных образовательных организаций: трудовые и образовательные стратегии. - 52с.
The article is devoted to a new type of educational programs that are formed at the intersection of higher and secondary education. Education as an institute is seen as an instrument of social stratification of society. The authors analyze the major developments of education as an institute, for instance differentiation between of academic and vocational educational programs and the creation of programs of production a “Homo habilis” — a skilled performer. Changes in the vocational education system are considered in the light of the introduction of the new educational standards FSES 2011 (Federal State Educational Standards).
The article presents the results of a sociological survey aimed at analyzing the views of employers on current and future forms of cooperation with professional educational organizations, as well as identifying barriers that impede the development of partnership between the two institutions. The research is classified as "casestudies", in other words, it analyzes specific situations that allow to get a picture of the processes taking place in this sphere at a qualitative level, to reveal a spectrum of problems of interaction between the labor market and the system of secondary vocational education. Based on the analysis of the materials of in-depth interviews, conclusions are drawn that there are currently no effective mechanisms for integrating employers into the state vocational education system in Russia. Despite the recognition of their decisive role in the training of specialists, employers prefer to participate in the training of personnel in a passive manner, without being responsible for the results of training specialists. It is established that the interaction models offered by the STR system do not meet the personnel policy of employers. In this connection, the training of personnel in VET is considered by employers as a long-term project with high risks of non-return of investments. Presence of own successful practices of training specialists within the corporate system of personnel training also contributes to reducing the interest of employers to cooperate with state educational organizations. To change the situation, it is necessary to ensure effective communication within the framework of the subject of cooperation that brings mutual benefits. Such a subject can be a joint project, the contribution to the implementation of which from the side of the enterprise and college is commensurate with the benefits obtained.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.