"Мониторинг экономики образования" (Вып.15 (114)) Преподаватели и студенты профессиональных образовательных организаций: трудовые и образовательные стратегии. - 52с.
The article is devoted to a new type of educational programs that are formed at the intersection of higher and secondary education. Education as an institute is seen as an instrument of social stratification of society. The authors analyze the major developments of education as an institute, for instance differentiation between of academic and vocational educational programs and the creation of programs of production a “Homo habilis” — a skilled performer. Changes in the vocational education system are considered in the light of the introduction of the new educational standards FSES 2011 (Federal State Educational Standards).
The article presents the results of a sociological survey aimed at analyzing the views of employers on current and future forms of cooperation with professional educational organizations, as well as identifying barriers that impede the development of partnership between the two institutions. The research is classified as "casestudies", in other words, it analyzes specific situations that allow to get a picture of the processes taking place in this sphere at a qualitative level, to reveal a spectrum of problems of interaction between the labor market and the system of secondary vocational education. Based on the analysis of the materials of in-depth interviews, conclusions are drawn that there are currently no effective mechanisms for integrating employers into the state vocational education system in Russia. Despite the recognition of their decisive role in the training of specialists, employers prefer to participate in the training of personnel in a passive manner, without being responsible for the results of training specialists. It is established that the interaction models offered by the STR system do not meet the personnel policy of employers. In this connection, the training of personnel in VET is considered by employers as a long-term project with high risks of non-return of investments. Presence of own successful practices of training specialists within the corporate system of personnel training also contributes to reducing the interest of employers to cooperate with state educational organizations. To change the situation, it is necessary to ensure effective communication within the framework of the subject of cooperation that brings mutual benefits. Such a subject can be a joint project, the contribution to the implementation of which from the side of the enterprise and college is commensurate with the benefits obtained.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.