The collective monograph is devoted to problems related to the correlation of history, memory and identity. It presents some research results aimed at a comparative analysis of the processes and mechanisms of constructing national and national-state identities. In maintaining and “reformatting” collective memory and identity, the important role belongs to the deep-rooted national historiographic traditions, which define a canonized image of the past in the form of a national or national-state narrative demonstrating main “places of memory” and symbols of "common fate." The authors of the monograph examine key aspects of the topic on the basis of the history and historiography of Russia, individual countries of Europe and Latin America with significantly different conditions and trajectories of the national identity formation.
How did people view events which they took part in? How did they record and transmit information about those events? And how their descendants conceived them and historians interpreted? The interest to the past makes an important part of social consciousness, which is changed by major events and shifts in social life. This process concerns not only ‘live’ social memory of the events but also deeper layers of cultural memory that is turned to the remote past. These and other questions of great interest are considered by the authors of this book.
The categories “event” and “time” inseparably connected with each other have acquired a high epistemological status in the context of updating historical science at the turn of the 20th–21st cс. and the deployment of memorial paradigm. Based on theoretical innovations in the interdisciplinary field of memory studies and new approaches to the study of cultures of perception, reconstruction and use of the past, the authors of the book focused on ways and forms of conceptualizing the event, taking into account its temporal dimensions and on various practices of rethinking of historical experience of “significant events”. The mechanisms of formation of “places of memory”, the transformation of images of key events into cultural-historical symbols, their role and functions in strategies for building na-tional history and national-state identity are considered in the long term and in different socio-cultural contexts through the prism concepts of historical culture.