Духовная культура сирийцев
The acme of the Arabic science and philosophy that is usually associated with the Abbasid times and Bet al-hikmah in Bagdad actually began long before, in the 6th c. with the great achievement of the Syriac science. The protagonist of that philosophical and medical movement was the chief medic of the city of Resh-‘ayna in Syria Sergius. Not only he translated a great deal of Greek medical and philosophical literature, but also he was adapting a sublime Neoplatonic theology to the Syriac language and culture. Theological profile of Sergius is of particular importance as he analyzed asceticism in his treatise ‘On spiritual Life’ under medical angle. In the article Sergius’medical approach is compared with his ascetical teaching. In making ascetical teaching closer to the medical care and medical science.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.