Proceedings of the Institute for System Programming
The paper considers organizational changes and competencies development necessary to use IT in higher education institute effectively. The discussion starts with the problem of complementary relations between information systems, institution’s organizational practices and the requirements for the competencies of teachers and other staff, and its basic consequences. The methods of analysis of the relationships between organizational practices and to develop approaches to organizational change in high school are introduced. Finally a system of organizational practices and staff competencies to improve IT effectiveness is presented
The paper describes the principles of economic efficiency of the ATP with a decision support system. The proposed approach allows the analysis and planning of the production program for the production of motor transport.
In this paper CASE-technology METAS intended for development of distributed dynamically adaptable information systems is presented. This technology is based on interpretation of the multilevel models describing information system and its domain from the various points of view and at different levels of abstraction. New models expanding functionality of information system can be developed on the basis of existing models.
The purpose of the article is to determine the main directions to develop foreign language teaching to non-linguistic students and verify the effectiveness of a comprehensive approach to the teaching of all foreign language skills on the base of ICT. Review of the national scientific and pedagogical literature on the problem of using ICT tools for teaching foreign languages in non-linguistic universities and modelling of the information system for professionally-oriented language teaching were applied. The authors come to the conclusion that Russian universities can and should implement ICT tools to create the information and educational environment that, due to didactic potential of ICT, contributes to the improvement of learners’ linguistic, professional and ICT competencies. Successful testing of the applied integrated foreign language teaching based on ICT proves its effectiveness. The article will be of interest to teachers, methodologists and researchers in the field of informatization of education.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability
The geographic information system (GIS) is based on the first and only Russian Imperial Census of 1897 and the First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union of 1926. The GIS features vector data (shapefiles) of allprovinces of the two states. For the 1897 census, there is information about linguistic, religious, and social estate groups. The part based on the 1926 census features nationality. Both shapefiles include information on gender, rural and urban population. The GIS allows for producing any necessary maps for individual studies of the period which require the administrative boundaries and demographic information.
Existing approaches suggest that IT strategy should be a reflection of business strategy. However, actually organisations do not often follow business strategy even if it is formally declared. In these conditions, IT strategy can be viewed not as a plan, but as an organisational shared view on the role of information systems. This approach generally reflects only a top-down perspective of IT strategy. So, it can be supplemented by a strategic behaviour pattern (i.e., more or less standard response to a changes that is formed as result of previous experience) to implement bottom-up approach. Two components that can help to establish effective reaction regarding new initiatives in IT are proposed here: model of IT-related decision making, and efficiency measurement metric to estimate maturity of business processes and appropriate IT. Usage of proposed tools is demonstrated in practical cases.