Международные конфликты: вмешательство, миротворчество, урегулирование
Chapter is devoted to the methodological aspects of analysis of conflicts, their typologization and methode of their settlement
Article considers formation of the Conflict Resolution studies in Russia as a sub-discipl;ine within the politiucal sceince.
Traditionally the processes of globalization and the issues of world politics related to hegemony are studied separately in the scientific literature. In this article the authors propose the synthesis of both of these approaches based on the model of transactional and innovative economy spatially structured as a system of “global gateways”. The globalization is conceived in the article as a process of reinforcement of network connections of different parts of the globe. The network is distributed unevenly around the world. The increase of globalization processes stimulates the strengthening of the network interactions and saturation of it with resources. The decline of the globalization we are witnessing at the moment results in the weakening of network relations. Spatial heterogeneity of globalization produces inequality in resource distribution on social as well as regional and country level. Due to this fact the system of global economy based on these gateways requires the stability of political institutes. In the 19th-20th centuries the system of maintenance of global stability (known in IR as hegemonic stability) was established. Increasing globalization provides the effective interaction between economic and political spheres. Declining globalization produces a gap between gateways’ demands for political stability and a hegemon’s ability to provide it. Recently the USA’s abilities as global hegemon have shrunk dramatically in relative terms as well as American electorate’s willingness to bear the costs of hegemony. Washington is unable to maintain stable functioning of “the rules of the game” neither separately, nor with its allies. This situation may be described as “the crisis of US-centric globalization”. The crisis of globalization relates to decline of international regimes, rise of uncertainty and conflicts on all levels of world politics. Presumably, it’s a long-term process. And at the end it may cause the establishment of new political form of economic globalization (e.g. transition to the model of hegemony of a group of superpowers, a scenario mostly close to generally accepted in Russia idea of multi-polar world), or emergence of a new hegemon (e.g. China).
The proposed analysis is devoted to the peculiarities of state ideology in Russia in the 2010s. The main hypothesis formulated in this work is that since 2012, there has been a sharp turn to right-wing conservatism in the state policy of the Russian Federation, and that the concepts of active militarism and isolationism have become the prevailing ideology of official discourse. Initially, this ideology was used more as an effective tool to mobilize the population, but since 2014, it has begun to drive Russia’s foreign policy and Russian politicians relied on it to “justify” both the annexation of Crimea and the wider Russian-Ukrainian conflict.
In our opinion, after examining the internal logic of this ideology, one can understand the basic program of the domestic and foreign policy that Russian political elites have been following since 2012. We see this program as an outgrowth of this ideology. It creates a picture of the world according to which this sort of conflict-generating behavior is not only justified but unavoidable. As it becomes a social fact, this ideological rhetoric transforms into a plan of action which is implemented by the political elites who adhere to it.
In addition, we will show that although this ideological project still appears to be dominant in both the official and public spheres, it would be reductive to exclude other trends from an analysis of the political situation in Russia. Although the alternative points of view that exist are still not strong enough to develop into full-scale political structures and ideological concepts, they have the potential for growth. At the same time, the dominant ideology of active militarism and isolationism is too rigid to occupy a leading position in federal policy for long.
What service did the Italian Armed Forces carry out in their missions outside the area? What role do they play today in the many international contexts in which they are employed? In which legal framework are these missions authorized? This book tries to answer these questions, illustrating to a wider audience the role that our Armed Forces perform abroad. A role aimed at maintaining peace, at stabilizing problematic contexts, at maintaining peace and at restoring hope in areas of the world often overturned by civil wars and inter-ethnic conflicts.
Article on the formats and directions of reformation of the United Nations peace operations in conflict regions
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.
This special publication for the 2012 New Delhi Summit is a collection of articles by government officials from BRICS countries, representatives of international organizations, businessmen and leading researchers.
The list of Russian contributors includes Sergei Lavrov, Foreign Minister of Russia, Maxim Medvedkov, Director of the Trade Negotiations Department of the Russian Ministry of Economic Development, Vladimir Dmitriev, Vnesheconombank Chairman, Alexander Bedritsky, advisor to the Russian President, VadimLukov, Ambassador-at-large of the Russian Foreign Affairs Ministry, and representatives of the academic community.
The publication also features articles by the President of Kazakhstan NursultanNazarbayev and internationally respected economist Jim O’Neil, who coined the term “BRIC”. In his article Jim O’Neil speculates about the future of the BRICS countries and the institution as a whole.
The publication addresses important issues of the global agenda, the priorities of BRICS and the Indian Presidency, the policies and competitive advantages of the participants, as well as BRICS institutionalization, enhancing efficiency and accountability of the forum.