dg.o '17: Proceedings of the 18th Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research
This panel features researchers from six countries which sufficiently vary in culture, historic and current governance traditions and models, size, economic situation, social capital and geographic location. All their national governments implement OGD policy with certain degrees of success and failure.
The panelists will present short reports (up to 10 minutes) explaining the current situation in the country which he/she represents by using ecosystem approach1.
This panel features researchers from six countries which sufficiently vary in culture, historic and current governance traditions and models, size, economic situation, social capital and geographic location. All their national governments implement OGD policy with certain degrees of success and failure. The panelists will present short reports (up to 10 minutes) explaining the current situation in the country which he/she represents by using ecosystem approach.
In this paper the authors describe how they have developed and introduced into the university curriculum the course “Smart City – information infrastructure and management”, aimed to study values and principles of decision-making and technologies of creating Smart City with strong support of leading IBM IT-solutions.
The 6th International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance, ICEGOV2012, was organized in Albany, New York, United States (US) from the 22nd to the 25th of October 2012, hosted by the Center for Technology in Government, University at Albany, State University of New York under the patronage of the United States National Archives and Record Administration. The ICEGOV (International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance) series focuses on the use of technology to transform relationships between government and citizens, businesses, civil society and other arms of government (Electronic Governance).
This paper discusses holistic approach to the evaluation of the public agencies openness based on authors’ research in Russia. Openness in this paper is understood as new paradigm for governance which comprises certain tools and methods as well as evaluation criteria for them. The measurement framework comprises evolution levels for the open government tools. The framework may serve as a self-survey evaluation pattern for the public agency. The openness evaluation framework presumes further participation in evaluation both for the experts and the society.
The author describe the legal models of the influence of business to the authorities: with the regulation of lobbying and without it. Analyzes the risks that accompany the regulation of lobbying in foreign countries: shadow sector, the impact of foreign States, promotion of the interests of large corporations, poor quality of the attached institutions. The author meditate about the possibility of regulation of lobbyism in Russia.
Author – the protagonist of Karl Popper’s critical rationalism – considers critically Karl Popper’s philosophy of open society.Subject of the article contains: 1) risks and contretemps of methodological individualism; 2) risks of social development ignored by Popper’s philosophy of open society; 3) author’s conception of human, social and governmental openness.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.