Polystoria: Зодчие, конунги, понтифики в средневековой Европе
These collected studies are results of research on problems of medieval history of Eastern and Western Europe, realized by the Center of Medieval Studies of the Higher School of Economics. They deal with several aspects of cultural, political and religious interplay on a wide geographical horizon, from Byzantium, Caucasus and Rus’ to Scandinavia and the latin Christendom, from the early Middle Ages to the early Modern Time. Little studied, but still historically important cases and situations, like the visit of the Pope to Constantinople in 711, single objects, like the konung Sverrir’s standard, are studied in great detail along with some crucial, and long discussed historiographical hyperthemes, like the genesis of Rus’, the Christian architecture in Caucasus, the background of gothic naturalism or the anti-judean polemics. The volume concludes with the first complete and commented russian translation of the De miseria humanae conditionis, written around 1195 by the cardinal Lotario de’ Segni, the treatise to be one the milestone in the history of western religious thought and reflection on the nature of man.
The book is intended for historians, philologists, art historians, specialists in religious and cultural studies and political analysts.
The chapter proposes a comparative analysis of some texts, from the middle XIIth century to the middle XIIIth century, that, in author’s opinion, can explain the much discussed origins of the « gothic » naturalism, especially in the representation of human body. The author gives a critical review of some historiografic discussions on this crucial art-historical problem, from Vöge to Sauerländer, Büchsel, and Recht. The common art-historical views are compared for data from some literary and philosophical texts of the XIIth century, in prose and poetry : the Philosophia by William of Conches, the Cosmographia by Bernard Silvestris, the De natura corporis et animae by William of Saint-Thierry, the Liber physonomie, written by Michael Scot around 1230 and still unedited. The interest for detail, the growing expressivity in monumental sculpture, from Chartres to Reims and Castel del Monte, is in many respects parallelled by literary descriptions of beauties and gestures of protagonists. In these profoundly humanistic trends, the poets are often in advance to sculptors, and sculptors leave painters behind: this inequality in rhythm is a peculiar character of western culture around 1200.
The article discusses the visit of Pope Constantine to Constantinople in 711, which will be the last until 1967. Many historians believe that this visit was somehow related to "inventing" of the papal tiara.
This article is dealing with judeophobia in texts of Muscovy and Ruthenian lands, in the It deals with evidence on Muscovite “Judaizers” of the last quarter of the XVth – XVIth centuries in comparison with how Jews and Judaism were portrayed by the Polish texts of the same epoch. Analysis leads to conclude that differences between two traditions were substantial.